Plains called land areas that have swings altitudes not exceeding 200 meters and slope of the area is not more than 50. If we evaluate the surface of our planet, 64% of the land represented the terrain of this type.In addition, the plains can be not only on land but also at the bottom of the seas or oceans.The biggest of all is the world's Amazonian lowlands is more than five million square kilometers.
Russian Plains occupy about ¾ of the total area.The largest in Europe and the second largest after the Amazon region, considered to be Eastern European.Other, equally known for its name - it is the Russian Plain.Feature it can be expressed by the following parameters: length from north to south is 2750 km, and from west to east - 3000 km.In the south, it goes to the Black, Azov and Caspian seas, and in the north very close to the Barents and White seas.Scandes limit its north-west and south-west - the Carpathians, the Sudeten and the Harz.Southeast limited to the Caucasus and the Crimean Mountains and
Russian plain climate characteristic
In this area has a temperate climate, which goes to Continental in the west and east.The territory of this area occur following rivers: the Northern Dvina, Onega, Mezen and Pechora (flow into the Arctic Ocean).Vistula, the Neman, the Oder and the Western Dvina flows into the Baltic Sea;Dnieper, Southern Bug and Dniester flow into the Black Sea.River Volga and the Urals - the Caspian, and Don empties into the Sea of Azov.Russian Plains consist typically of a plurality of others.For example, in the East-European includes Valdai, Mid Russian Volga, Smolensk and Moscow, the Caspian, Black sea, Azov, Volga, Dnieper, Donetsk ridge, Volyn-Podolsky, Verkhnekamsk, Northern ridges, Timan Ridge, Salpausselkä Manselkya, Suomenselkä.
writer Anton Chekhov said that Russia boundless plains.Passing to Sakhalin, he only saw Baikal quite high hill.The plateau, lowlands, grasslands, hills, tundra - this is not a complete list of reliefs.Just beyond the Ural Mountains is West Siberian plain.Its area is about 3000000 km 2. It is the lowest in the world.Its territory is full of swamps and marshes.Where rivers such as the Irtysh and Ob, and there are a lot of small rivers and lakes.The plains of the Russian Ural Mountains fairly sparsely populated by people, unlike East European.The largest town on its territory is Moscow.Each valley is significantly different from the other.The differences more pronounced than in the different climatic zones they are located.
Plains and mountains of Russia is very interesting to study.They have a lot of minerals, various animals, birds, reptiles and insects.Especially a lot of minerals in the Central Siberian Plateau and the plains of Yakutia.Here produce gas, oil, coal, timber, gold, diamonds.In the forests inhabited by bears, wild boars, moose, and the tundra - reindeer.The riches of this land are great, but not unlimited.
Plains and mountains Russia is a huge pantry not only for Russians, but for all mankind, so the task of all human beings is to protect natural gifts of his homeland, to preserve its environment, increase populations of rare species of flora and fauna.These vast expanses we should strive to preserve and increase to our descendants living in a harmonious world, and could enjoy life.