main device on which data is stored on your computer - the hard drive, or hard drive.Providing direct location data on the hard drive, it depends on the structure of storage files or directories.Often, system failures or interference in her work, there is a corrupted file, without which some programs and applications will not work correctly or do not work at all.In this case, recovery of the file system is responsible for the proper operation of the whole.
No matter how many say that the operating system windows xp and windows 2000 is quite reliable and proven over the years, yet they are also prone to failure.Of course, compared to previous versions of the OS, they are better.Data loss happens, but much less frequently.However, the lost operational system lost access to programs.To system work again as usual, you will need restore system files.
first necessary to analyze the situation.If possible, find out why the crash occurred, and what must be done.After clarification of the situation, you can
Often a system failure occurs when you upgrade a device or driver.The driver is the same program as is well known, the program may contain errors.
When you load the operating system the most frequent failures registry files, damage or complete removal of the major, if not the main, system files.Sometimes this is the case if:
- was installed defective or incompatible services, drivers, removing necessary for proper operation of the service, or damage.
- occurred deleting system files.
- faulty hard drive.
- Formed incorrect information in the registry.
- For the% systemroot% have limited access, or improperly installed right.
file system recovery can be performed using standard tools in the operating system distribution, as well as through third-party utilities.It's about full-time programs that do not require additional purchases or downloads.
For Windows 2000, you must have created a rescue disk.To do this, go to the "Start" menu and then go up the chain: All Programs, Accessories, System Tools, and go in the archive data.Hit "Recovery discs".Next, follow the prompts to insert a blank floppy disk formatted, and put the check in the paragraph with the words "in the register of archive folder recovery."As a result, the diskette will be three files: config.nt, autoexec.nt, setup.log.The directory% systemroot% will already contain the Repair folder with copies of the files in the registry are reserved.
for Windows XP, you can use the automatic system recovery (ASR).This is a more powerful tool, similar to ERD.What good is a tool?It makes it possible to use high-capacity media, for example, CD-R / RW, allowing to create a copy of the entire operating system.
now begin recovery of the file system Windows 2000 using an emergency repair disk.
- Start the installation;
- Fix damaged configuration;
- Output unchanged.
First you need to fix the system.This can be done through the disaster recovery and console.Fix through the disaster recovery manual.So quiet, you control everything.Next Asking operation.They usually are three:
- analysis (checked and, if necessary, corrected important system files).
- Checking file system (correction file in the root directory)
- Testing and analysis of the sector loading.
select the desired item, click the button "continue".If you have two Windows 2000, for example, English and Russian versions, you must specify the directory of Repair, and apply the necessary emergency recovery disk.
file recovery Windows XP system is somewhat different from Windows 2000.