Political consciousness, its components and levels

man - a social creature, as rightly noted by Aristotle in IV in.BC.And therefore, every single person is a carrier of not only his individual consciousness, but consciousness of the public.To a great extent the individual's own consciousness is formed by society: its economic, ethical, aesthetic and moral regulations.It can be concluded that the social consciousness is divided into religious, aesthetic, moral, legal, economic and political consciousness.

political consciousness arose, of course, later on religious or moral, when human society has come to the stage of its evolution, which has been a place of social differentiation of people, when society is stratified into large social groups.We can say that the political consciousness was born at the dawn of the formation of their political system and political relations.It was formed in two ways: by "politicians" - those who stood at the helm of the company and affect its internal and external social life, and the people that make up this "slave" soc

iety, which had the activity of pilots certain views,emotions and moods.

Thus, we can say that the political consciousness - this is one of the branches of social consciousness, which is formed by a set of social attitudes, emotions, feelings and perceptions, reflects the objective political relations between large groups / classes of people.Of course, it can not be considered political consciousness in isolation from other forms of social consciousness.For example, socio-economic processes in the country directly influence the formation of acute discontent or, on the contrary, satisfaction with the existing political system.Also has a meaning and stratification of society into stable and large social groups solidarisation or, conversely, the disunity between them.

mentality of the people or the religious beliefs of religion as a cover, albeit indirectly affect the political consciousness: for example, the view that all power - from God, is imposed on the formation of political attitudes and behaviors.As in the boiler of society socio-economic and political interests of different classes and large groups are not the same, and then enter into direct conflict with each other, we can talk about mass, class and even the political consciousness of the age or professional groups.

Now consider how a man in political consciousness.An individual matures, learns about the social system of the existing social processes, control arms, and at the same time is aware of its own membership in the nation, social class, class, religious or ethnic group.When one analyzes the knowledge or absorb them blindly, he gradually formed a political attitude that leads him into a state of predisposition to certain actions (proud of the social system or actively act against it).It is expressed primarily at the level of emotions (like / dislike) varying degrees of intensity.Such a mass political consciousness in the peak of its exacerbation may lead to violent riots, when the crowd did not know what he wants and what achieves, but clearly knows what she does not want - a society as a system of political and social relations.

Therefore, in the political consciousness identify several levels: ordinary, formed by life experience, and scientific, which is formed by scientists, sociologists and political scientists on the basis of the study of political processes over different time periods and in different countries.From this division stem and parts of the political consciousness of the ordinary - psychological, often based on the mentality and likes / dislikes a particular policy, and ideological and theoretical, that is formed by a system of knowledge, evaluations, concepts and theories.Emotional base of mass political consciousness makes it possible to manipulate it and, accordingly, the masses, but the increase in the level of development of political culture may hinder such manipulation and populism in the game.