In order to get a good crop of plums, you must first select the right grade.Those of today, there are many.One of the most interesting and popular varieties of plum is "Stanley".This variety is very well suited for growing in southern regions of Russia.For example, in the Krasnodar region.
history plum "Stanley"
variety was bred in the United States.In our country, the first time it brought in the State Register in 1983.At the same time, he was assigned to the North Caucasus region.Popular variety of uses not only in our country but around the world.At the moment, he is most often used in the production of prunes.
plum "Stanley": description of the variety
is this variety is not very tall tree with a fairly compact and rounded at the same time, and a rare crown.Boles in this plum different gray dark color, straight and slightly exfoliating.By cracking the wood during the growth is not inclined.Shoots tree gives straight, slightly okolyuchennye.
Leaflets have plums in this class rounded, blun
Flowering plum "Stanley" white flowers.Petals have to each other are pinched.Stamens and pistils are quite long.First grow to 7-12 mm, the second - 11 mm.Stamens in the flower is usually a lot - up to 28 pcs.
Description fruits fruits of cultivar
plum "Stanley" has a large, neat.In length they may reach 53 mm in width - 40 mm, thickness - 37 mm.Their average weight - 50 grams.The shape of the fruit ovate, oblique.Typhoid seam have very strongly expressed, but they will not crack prone.Waxy coating on the fruits of this variety is well pronounced and almost hides a very dark purple color of the skin.The latter is separated from the pulp hard, and has an average thickness of loose consistency.The flesh is sweet plums, fiber, moderate richness, different yellow color.The top of the fetus rounded, elongated base.Funnel the stem has an average depth.Stone is quite large, elongated.Its weight is about 3.3% of the pulp.
composition of fruits
plum "Stanley", characteristics, yield and pollinators, which will be discussed below, giving the fruits that contain these substances.
In addition, in the fruit of the plum variety contains: ascorbicacid 8.9 mg / 100 g and polyphenols - 460 mg / 100 g
variety plum "Stanley" refers to a partially samoplodnye.However, a number of other plant plum still be good.Particularly well suited for this sort "president" and "express".
plum "Stanley", a description which has been given above, has a very good yield.Fruiting this sort regularly and abundantly.It is blooming around mid-April.Fruits ripen late - in late August and early September.It refers to the winter-hardy cultivar.Resistance to fungal diseases is no different.Rarely infected polistigmozom and Sharko.By moniliosis unfortunately not too stable.The first crop of plums can be obtained on the third year after planting.
plum "Stanley", a characteristic which gives an indication of it as a very good grade is recommended for cultivation on private garden plots and on a commercial scale.
Opinion gardeners about this grade is fairly good.It notes its very high yield.With one tree "Stanley" can be collected in the year to 60 kg of fruit.However, this plant plum still recommend only sites located in warm regions of the country.Although this variety and is claimed to be winter hardy, cold central Russia he suffers quite badly.Positive comments are about the quality of the fruit.Very nice, they are suitable for both fresh consumption and for canning.In addition, they can also be dried.As for portability, in this respect, "Stanley" also earned quite good reviews.
plum "Stanley", a description which we present to you the above, like many gardeners also due to its undemanding.The fact that it is able to grow on almost any type of soil.However, experienced gardeners forget to water "Stanley" is not advised.Drought resistance, unfortunately, this variety is different.
How to plant
plum "Stanley", reviews of which, as you know, mostly positive, can be planted in the soil in the spring and fall.However, in the first case the tree will likely better.Seedling was placed in the pit depth and diameter of about half a meter.The excavated soil is thoroughly mixed with humus in the ratio of 1: 2.The pit is filled to half.The operation on the preparation of the wells in this way need to make about a week before planting.During this period the soil time to settle.Seedling deepened into the hole so that the soil line was on a level with the ground surface or was 4-5 cm above it.The roots of the earth without the usual sprinkle fertilizer, which must be lightly compacted to get rid of the voids.
After landing around the trunk make the root circle and watered tree 3-4 buckets of warm water.At the final stage operate mulch dry leaves, humus or straw.
plum "Stanley", a characteristic which gives an indication of her as unpretentious, yet not too resistant to fungal diseases.Symptoms of gray mold stone following:
- Russeting twigs and branches.
- appearance on the bark of small gray nodules.
- decay of fruit.At the same time on their surfaces appear gray small, randomly distributed nodules.This differs from the gray mold fruit.While infecting last growths are in the form of concentric circles.Primarily lesions occur in areas with mechanical damages.
- cracked old branches.Of faults thus acts gum to form accretions.As the disease progresses, these branches die off.
As mentioned, plum "Stanley", which reviews are mostly positive, not very resistant to botrytis.In order to prevent infection with this disease should take a number of measures.First of all, when the harvest is necessary to try not to damage the fruit and branches.It is also important to carry out preventive measures aimed at preventing the destruction of trees of different kinds of pests - caterpillars, moth, and so on. D. The fact that the debate moniliosis able to cover not only the air but also on the legs of insects.Late autumn staffs and skeletal branches, it is desirable to whitewash.
course, plum "Stanley" (photo of the class can be seen on the page) of the disease can be relieved.Winters pathogen of the disease in the affected branches and fruits.Therefore, they necessarily need to be removed.Treatment is performed by spraying the soil and the trees themselves.It is possible to use an iron or copper sulfate, 1% Bordeaux fluid, or oleokuprit nitrafen.Spraying these drugs held in the spring, before flowering plants.Water the plants and the soil should be quite abundant.
again this procedure with such varieties as plum "Stanley", carried out after the end of flowering.It also used liquid Bordeaux, sulfate, fungicides (kuprozan, captan, zineb ftalan or solution).Pre worth spending control spraying.It is necessary to ensure that the drug does not devour the leaves.At the same time choose a few branches and produce control spraying.A few days look if there are any burns.They represent a grid on the fruits and necrotic spots on the leaves.
The easiest solution would be to treat plum copper sulphate in lime milk.Bordeaux fluid is prepared as follows:
- 300 g of copper sulfate and lime diluted in 2-3 liters of hot water (optional).
- added to both the solution of cold water so that the total amount it received 5 liters.
- thin stream pour a solution of sulphate of lime in strained.
other popular varieties
course, "Stanley" is not only popular in our country, late-ripening varieties.Very good gardeners also speak about:
- Plum "president."This variety is accepted to put next to such as plum "Stanley".Pollinators are for each other very well.In addition, the "president" and he characterized a good yield, winter hardiness and large-fruited.For the year from a single tree can collect up to 100 kg of fruit."Stanley" for "president" is also a good pollinator.The main feature of this variety is that the fruit pulp - even fully ripe - different densities and crunches while eating.At the same time it tastes very sweet.
- Plum "haganta."This German variety, gives abundant harvests.Its main distinguishing feature is the unusually large fruit - up to 60-80 grams.Not too sweet, they are just perfect for canning and baking.
As you can see, plum "Stanley" may be just the perfect choice for summer residents of the southern regions of our country.High productivity, simplicity and good resistance to disease make it landing on the suburban areas more than appropriate.Especially well it planted near the same late-maturing "president."