Ancient Russia, the capital of which was a very beautiful city, had a high prestige in the world.The beginning of the first state of Eastern Slavs assumed Kievan Rus, and therefore referred to as the first capital of the glorious city of Kiev.However, the capital city of Prince Kyi was not the only one who wore the title.There were a lot more about them and the reasons for their existence will be discussed in this article.
little about the state
Before talking about the Slavic medieval state capitals, giving him a little time and space on the page.Ancient Russia - a public education eastern tribes with the prince's centralized authority existed from 862 to 1240 (the Mongol invasion).It is characterized by high development of culture, largely borrowed from Byzantium.Architects, knigopistsy, translators, scholars, steklovary came from Constantinople and the land belonging to him.But many crafts were also familiar with the Slavs (jewelry, forging, pottery, art dealing, wood and so on), they have perfec
Why some capitals?
If you follow the official version of history, the first capital of Ancient Russia - is, of course, Kiev.The mother of Russian cities has become a major in the year 882, when the shore Dnieper landed Prophetic Oleg with Igor and killed Askold and Dir, seized power.It was he, according to the Chronicle, the city predicted a great future.Why powerful state needed another capital?Ancient Russia, as we know, having experienced flourishing under Vladimir the Baptist and Yaroslav the Wise, went into decline.Primarily because of the infighting and strife.Many sons and grandsons, brothers and uncles of the great princes received their inheritance - the city with the neighboring villages, in which the rules of each of them.Soon rulers were more than land, and some of them were dissatisfied by what destiny he was given.That's between them and begin to fight for the best place in the sun, for the throne of Kiev, which gave more money and influence.But some of the principality (inheritance) were stronger, others weaker princes concluded between a deal and were often fighting each other.
growing gap between the principalities of Kiev gradually lost its importance capital.But the arena and out the other settlements, which were the main city of the mighty ancient kingdoms.This Veliky Novgorod, and Chernigov, Vladimir and Suzdal, and Galich, and later Moscow.Therefore, in the state of Eastern Slavs it was not one capital: Ancient Russia had a lot of them, not for nothing was called "Gardariki", ie countries Cities.
first capital city
So what is considered the main city of Ancient Rus?Capital at number one - is Kiev, majestic city on the Dnieper River, the residence of the Metropolitan from the tenth century.Founded by the legendary Prince Kiem (or just amplified them), it became the main city of Prophetic Oleg, his successor, Igor and his descendants to Vladimir Monomakh.After that, he was considered the main and only formally transmitted the Grand Duke only minor relatives.After the invasion of the Tatars turned to the province, which then captured the first Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and later Rzeczpospolita, Muscovy.
Ancient Russia, the capital of which is known, Kiev, provides for the development of cities.In the main city of stone churches were built (after the adoption of Christianity), strengthened walls, erected a new gate, and a school book depository.Many attractions of the golden age of the state and can be seen today in the Ukrainian capital.This is primarily the Golden Gate, St. Sophia Cathedral of the Assumption and St. Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral, Trinity Church, Vudubickiy.Staraya Ladoga
There is one city that deserves the attention of historians - Staraya Ladoga.The ancient capital of Russia, the number two came in the middle of the eighth century, and in 862 - 864 years was the seat of Rurik.According to the chronicles, then the legendary Prince left for Novgorod, a city that in the future given the title "the Great".Today you can see the Cathedral of the Assumption and St. George Church, built in the second half of the twelfth century.
Staraya Ladoga today - it's a small village, which is about the age of twelve centuries.Recent archaeological studies provide an opportunity to suggest that the settlement was founded came from the Nordic countries.It was a parking lot, where the repaired vessels and build new ships,
Rurik settlement in Novgorod
capital of ancient Russia Ladoga lost his title as Rurik went to New Castle, located about two kilometers from the center of the modern city.Now it attracts unique monuments princely times, it's not been touched by the Mongol hordes, and, therefore, has not been looted and destroyed.It Nicholas Dvorischenskogo, Sofia, St. George's Cathedral, St. Anthony Monastery, Church of the Savior, Nativity of the Virgin, the Annunciation, Peter and Paul, St. Paraskeva-Friday.
heyday hail fell on the period of the Novgorod republic, where all the important decisions about the life of the state is not taken Chamber.There she was in 1136 for 1478, and its territory stretches for hundreds of kilometers - from the Ural Mountains to the Baltic (or Viking) sea.It evolved crafts, conducted a brisk trade, built stone buildings, written books and chronicles.
Today Novgorod (the capital of Ancient Russia and the Novgorod Republic) can be called a tourist mecca Russia as to save face through the millennium.
Another considered the capital of the ancient Russian state, Vladimir, who was the chief during the 1243 - 1389 period.Grad Vladimir Monomakh founded in 1108, and half a century later it transferred his residence Andrew Bogolyubskii.The heyday of the settlement came in the reign of Vsevolod the Big Nest, which is subordinate to all lands except Polotsk and Chernigov.On that glorious era Vladimir resemble the Golden Gate, Uspensky and Dmitrievsky cathedrals.
Under the blows nokors Batu Khan, unfortunately, ceased to exist Ancient Rus.The capital it lost its influence and for many years was in ruins, forgotten crafts that were unclaimed in the Golden Horde.But the country is gradually recovering from the heavy blow, grew new generations of people who are first submitted to the Mongol yoke, and then dropped it.Thus, Russia has revived again and entered the new era with a new face.