There is a whole list of things, without which it is impossible to imagine a camping trip.This tent, backpack, sleeping bag, a map, a compass.When a group of tourists stopped for the night and smashes his temporary camp, the process can not be accomplished without the use of a special pad, called karemat.
karemat - what is it?Required element equipment of any tourist.Without it, the night's sleep, or rest in the nature can turn into a real meal.No tourist rug traveler risks to earn a sciatica or other unpleasant diseases.
The variety of names and origin of the word "karemat"
mat-karemat colloquially called differently.IZOMAT, foam pad, or simply - all this, in fact, refers to the same thing.In English-speaking countries it is referred to as a sleeping pad, Germany - isomatte.
interesting and not fully understand the origin of the term "karemat."What is this word and what it means, so far failed to find really.Foreign tourists, particularly Americans and Europeans do not call their mats.
most plausible theories about the origin of the word is the following.Once one of the British companies produce tourist mats under the strange title for English karrimat.That's the word, according to some researchers, and migrated into the Russian language.According to another version, the term is derived from the phrase care material, which means "material concerns".
The peculiarities of manufacturing karemat divided into:
- foamed polymers.
Both variants provide air insulation mats, but in the second case it is contained in the polymer in the form of bubbles.
Fit karemat are:
- standard (width 50-60 cm, length 180-200 cm);
- shortened (used in mountaineering).
By design features can be karemat:
- roll (more common spelling);
- folding (in the form of "bunching").
Additionally, mats are distinguished from each other by the thickness and stiffness of the material used.
Travel karemat and especially their application
Tourist karemat - what is it?What are its characteristics?This is a special dense mat, which is spread on the bottom of the tent, a sleeping bag directly under the tourist.Its function - to provide the most comfortable vacation traveler in extreme climatic conditions and a sleeping bag to protect from moisture and cold.
most often used in tourism easy and cheap mats of polyurethane foam.However, they are quite cumbersome, bulky, making them difficult to transport.Inflatable pads, in turn, is more compact, but on the other hand, differ more weight.
What modes of transportation tourist rug there?
with a rug in the form of "bunching" questions arise - they just folded and put in a backpack.Savvy tourists have figured out how to transport the roll karemat.It simply folded and placed inside the pack so as to form a frame.However, such installation is lost up to 10% of effective capacity.
Other tourists in order to maintain the internal space of his backpack untouched prefer to attach the mat to it from outside (rear or side).However, in this case karemat can quickly damage on branches, ledges or even lose.
Returning from a raid, karemat tourist must-dried on a gross basis throughout the day.Over time, this mat loses its insulating properties, so it needs to be changed periodically.How often you need to do depends on how intensively the tourist goes on hikes.
karemat Choosing to hike
In order to correctly pick out karemat need to focus on four key selection criteria:
- thermal insulation characteristics;
- weight pad;
Thermal performance karematov usually expressed numerically, in the form of so-called the R-factor.The higher it is, the more "warm" is the material concrete pad.For karemat with an R-factor of 2 provides a comfortable sleep at temperatures below 0 degrees Celsius.For stable freezing temperatures mats should be used with a higher R-factor (R-factor of 5 - for temperatures up to 20 degrees, R-factor 9 - for temperatures up to -50 degrees).
important parameter in the selection are the weight and size karemat.Obviously, you need to choose the most lightweight mat (karemat weighing more than 1 kg used in special training campaigns).From its size also it depends on many things, in particular the safety of tourists.Overall karemat be obvious obstacle in impassable areas or on steep slopes.
for a comfortable sleep and rest is important to evaluate the condition of the surface of the mat.It should be soft and does not cause unpleasant sensations at tactile contact with it.
worth noting that the quality of the product is not always dependent on its value.Karemat, whose price is very high, will not necessarily be high-quality and reliable.To date, the cost of these rugs are very different: from 200 to several thousand.They can be purchased in specialized tourist shops or ordered online.
So, in the opinion of many travelers, the most popular today is the so-called Izhevsk karemat.What is the mat, and what are its characteristics?It is of high quality, some tourists use it ten or more years.At the same time, the cost of Izhevsk karemat quite acceptable.
karemat How to make your own hands?
seasoned travelers say that karemat can easily produce and own.For this we need a practical and flexible material - foam.It is moisture and does not require additional cladding.
to work you need to take five sheets of foam the size of 50 by 40 cm. The thickness of each of them must be at least 8 millimeters.These sheets are stacked close together and then stitched firmly kapron ribbons.Stitch is necessary so that karemat eventually could develop "an accordion."
to produce the mat with your hands and you can take a continuous strip of foam.However, this karemat have rolled up for transportation.
Thus, camping mat (or karemat) - an indispensable attribute of every traveler.It will provide a healthy sleep and comfortable stay at the halts.Species karematov today there are many, and the prices for these goods vary widely.You can choose the expensive imported rug or more affordable domestic production.A karemat can easily be manufactured and at home by hand.