Social progress - part of our lives.The world around us is constantly changing: new industrial solutions, household appliances and machines, not those that were 20-30 years ago.Those last things seem to be primitive and useless.Sometimes wonder how early could live without cell phones, automatic, built-in wardrobes, supermarkets, credit cards, etc.In addition, we have no idea what innovations will be in demand in the next two decades.But we know that over the years we also will sometimes wonder how primitive and uncomfortable life was like then, in 2013 ...
At the same time, trying to figure out the best scenarios for the future, you must first decide on what parameters the future, we willmeasure.Then the question arises, what are the criteria of social progress in philosophy.If we can understand their essence, then get to outline at least the general outlines of the coming changes and mentally prepare for them.
criteria for the progress of society:
- Change of moral principles and ethical sta
- The priority of human rights and freedoms over the rights of the master and the state.The principles of political development, some even Hobbes in the 17th century, remain relevant in this century.The criteria for the progress of society has not been canceled.First and foremost is meant the development of freedom.
- Advanced understanding of freedom.Ancient man was completely subservient to the owner, I saw freedom in a democracy - in the principles of political participation, which helped him to define the boundaries of their own world.With the fall of the Greek polis freedom he has moved into the world of Roman law.Thus, it became apparent that numerous internal ethical rules governing the state's requirements, more important than morality.Christian ethics has created a precedent monocratic and theocratic society, inseparable from the state.Renaissance and Enlightenment in this regard - just a return to the priority of the right over religion.And only the era of modernity has demonstrated that the criteria of progress lie in the plane of personal freedom.Man - the absolute autonomy, not subject to any external influence.
- Scientific and technological progress, which frees a person from the obligation to be part of the overall machine - social, public, corporate, etc.Hence, the change in the principles of relations around the property.From the position of slavery, when a person is a thing of Mr. bypassing the physical continuation of the status of the machine (according to Marx), a master of his life.Today, as the service sector becomes the primary of any economy, the criteria of progress are concentrated around their own knowledge, skills and abilities to promote their product.Personal success depends on the individual.Man freed from external regulatory actions on the social and economic levels.The state and its laws just need to organize economic Brownian motion.And that, perhaps, are the main criteria for the progress of modern society.