Interethnic conflicts: characteristics, causes and basic classification

In today's world there is virtually no completely ethnically homogeneous countries.According to statistics, these only twelve percent.Residents of other countries have to somehow co-exist within a single territory.Naturally, in such circumstances, the peaceful life will emerge is not always - often have ethnic conflicts.Let us dwell on their characteristics, causes and classification in more detail.

in Conflict there is no uniform conceptual approach to the isolation of the cause.Ethnic conflicts are analyzed in terms of social and structural changes in the contact ethnic groups, the problems of inequality in prestige, status or remuneration.

There are concepts that focus on behavioral mechanisms associated with fear for the fate of the nation - and not only for the loss of cultural heritage, but also for the use of resources and property.

As a result there are several classifications.

In accordance with the approach of G. Lapidus, you can select:

1. The conflicts that are taking place at the i

nternational level.

2. Collisions occurring within the country:

  • conflicts that involve indigenous minorities;
  • counter, provokes communities alien population;
  • conflicts arising from the involvement of minority forcibly imported;
  • counter, which result from the review of existing relations between the Autonomous Republic and the Government of the State.

addition, the popular group in the classification are conflicts that are associated with the presence of communal violence in Central Asia.They were bred researcher G. Lapidus in a separate category, since the leading role played in them is not ethnic but economic factors.

According complete classification J. Etinger, ethnic conflicts can be the following types:

1. Territorial, which are closely linked to the reunification previously fragmented ethnic groups.Their source is the political (often armed) conflict between the movement with the support of the neighboring country, and those in power by the government.

2. The conflicts that are generated by the desire to small ethnic groups to exercise their right to establish an independent state.

3. Confrontation, which are associated with the restoration of the rights of deported peoples in any territory.

4. military clash, which is based on the claim to the territory (or part) of the neighboring state.

5. International conflicts arising from territorial arbitrary changes in the Soviet Union.

6. Clashes of economic interests, national contradictions are veiled.In reality, these ethnic conflicts provoke the ruling political elite, who are dissatisfied with their allocated shares in the national "cake."

7. combat, based on the facts which are of a historical nature and are caused by a long tradition of struggle.

8. Inter-ethnic conflicts in Europe, resulting from long-term residence of deported peoples to the territory of another country.

9. opposition, which for certain disputes (State Language about religious differences) often hides serious disagreements between ethnic communities.

Consequently, interethnic conflict - is the result of both objective and subjective reasons.In such a situation is a frequent occurrence of conflicting interests or positions of the parties on any issue or problem, as well as on the objectives, methods and means of their solution in the circumstances.