rich in our capital's attractions and places of memory.Many of them have become natural reserves.They assembled the entire history of our people and country.In this article we want to present you a very interesting museum "Kolomenskoye", which is located almost in the center of Moscow.
More recently, it was an ordinary park, which walked from neighboring districts in the Church of the Mother of God of Kazan married, baptized children, celebrated religious holidays.
Today the museum "Kolomenskoye" occupies a huge area - 390 hectares.He has more than thirty monuments, fifteen natural monuments.
from history "Kolomna»
More than 2500 years ago, on a hill with a flat top, there was a settlement - Djakovo settlement.Research archaeologists suggest that people lived here even earlier - many monuments located near the hill Dyakovo are V - III millennium BC.e.
Kolomenskoye based Kolomna residents fleeing from Batu Khan.For the first time it is mentioned in the XIV century, in the charters of Ivan Kalita
From the XIV century, the village is transformed into a summer mansion of the Moscow princes.The architectural ensemble of the estate evolved over two centuries (XVI - XVII century.) As a summer royal residence.
In 1532 Vasily III, the father of Ivan the Terrible, built on the high bank of the Moscow River Church of the Ascension.Since 1994 it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.This temple has been more than a century house church almost all the Russian tsars.
His height - 62 meters.From the observation deck, located in the church, a magnificent view of the Moskva River and the magnificent panorama of the city.
Church of the Beheading
This temple is as old as the Church of the Ascension of the Lord, though not all attended "Kolomenskoye" know it exists.Often called the Baptist Church.It is located at a distance from the main monuments.Many consider it mysterious that holds many mysteries.Neither one of them has not yet been solved.
church on a hill at the foot of which there is a mystery at once.The stream that skirts the hill, does not freeze, even in severe frosts.For the temple is a steep wooden staircase.The church can be seen only from the top of the stairs.To enter it, one must pass through the main gate.Anyone who crosses them, gets not only the temple but also in the old cemetery.It is surprising, but it does not cause the gloomy impressions.
Church amazes everyone who saw it for the first time, its grandiose dimensions - the central octagonal pillar height of 34 meters and a height of four towering chapel to 17 meters.All the structure connects the bypass cloister.It is built on a common foundation.The church is made of brick, plastered and whitewashed.It is believed that the Church of St. John the Baptist - the prototype of Moscow's St. Basil's Cathedral, which was built later.There is a version that the authors of both buildings are the same people.However, this version is not scientifically confirmed.
In 2009, the restoration was completed here, the church is in excellent condition, but even so it seems "forgotten" and lonely.
Museum "Kolomenskoye" - the story of
In 1923, the architect-restorer P. Baranovsky organized on the territory of Kolomenskoye Museum of Wooden Architecture.This began to bring wooden buildings that had historical and architectural value.As a result of this activity, the museum appeared house of Peter I, brought from Arkhangelsk medovarnya brought from the Transfiguration, Moss Sumy jail tower and many other valuable artifacts.
Palace Alexei Mikhailovich
In these places was very fond of the Emperor Alexis to rest.During his thirty-year reign of the village flourished.At first, the young ruler came to these places on falconry, but over time it has transformed the village into a luxurious royal residence.In 1668 (just one year!) It was built luxurious wooden palace in the two hundred and seventy rooms.
After the capital was moved to St. Petersburg, the estate came into disrepair, and the old palace of Catherine II was dismantled.In its place, in 1767, Prince Makulov built a new, four-story palace.The two lower floors of the buildings were made of stone and the upper were wooden.Above the other buildings of the ensemble, too, we have built on the second floor and later used it as food.Later, the palace several times dismantled and rebuilt.The last time this happened in 1872.We must pay tribute to the masters of the time, who previously lifted the required dimensions and made drawings of historical buildings.It is for him today was restored palace available to tourists today.
Sovereign yard, and now a museum-reserve "Kolomenskoye", was surrounded by a stone and wooden fence.The main entrance - the front or the palace gates led to the royal estate.Rear or Spassky Gate were economic entry.
House of Peter I
visit the museum "Kolomenskoye", you can see the interesting exhibits.It is a house of Peter I. It was built at the mouth of the Northern Dvina River.Peter I lived there for about two months in 1702, during the construction of the fortress in Arkhangelsk.In 1930, the house was moved to Moscow.According to historical documents in the house, the interior of the era.
It is a beautiful and quite rare example of the structure of Russian bell end of the XVI century.With its clean lines, she stressed the magnificence of the Cathedral of the Ascension.
Near the bell tower you can hear fine and jingle.It sounds original musical instrument "beat" which perfectly captured the local performers.On the specially made frame attached thin sheets of bronze bell.Wonderful melodies performed by special hammers.
Tower has two functions - through mechanisms raised the water in the tanks and pipes planted on purpose, and in addition, it was used as a travel gate leading to the Ascension garden and village Djakovo.Now the water tower, as well as other service objects that are not in use.
Estate Museum "Kolomenskoye" is famous not only for its architectural monuments.The magnificent landscape, beautiful nature attract here Muscovites and guests of the city.One of the favorite places of tourists is Ascension garden.On the territory of Moscow is one of the oldest gardens.Its area is more than five hectares.He became part of a large "old" garden in Kolomenskoye.There is growing about 900 trees, mainly apple trees, which in the spring fill the air with divine fragrance.
Equally valuable are the oaks and Kolomna, which celebrated its 400 years.According to legend, in the shadow of their learn to read the future Emperor Peter I.
Park Museum "Kolomenskoye" - this is a huge area, where it is pleasant to spend time in any season.Here you can relax without leaving the capital.The park stretches along the embankment of the Moskva River.Its diverse landscape - ravines, meadows, forests.
Estate Museum "Kolomenskoye" - is not just a park and natural landscape conservation area.He is a member of the Moscow association of nature reserves, which appear Lefortovo, Izmailovo and Lublin.
It became common to hold various cultural events.Museum "Kolomenskoye", for example, has become a regular venue for the Russia's largest fair of honey.In addition, there are stunning exhibition of sand sculptures.It is attended by masters from around the world.Every year, the festival at the Museum "Times and Epochs."
In the old days he had other, more appropriate name - Kolomna creek Royal ravine, gully, etc. The Palace. D. How did the modern name - is unknown.It stretches more than a kilometer.At its bottom flows a small stream, which flows into the Moskva River.
At the bottom of the ravine can be seen two boulders of sandstone, a very impressive size, which is a monument of nature.Legend has it that St. George in this place caught Snake.In the fight with him died a horse soldier.His remains and those stones symbolize.
In addition, there is the "Maiden's Stone".According to legends, it fulfills the desires and cures of diseases.
As already mentioned, the museum "Kolomenskoye" is famous for its natural monuments.One of them is the apothecary garden - a prototype of today's botanical gardens.
Museum "Kolomenskoye" - vacancies
If you are looking for an interesting and well-paid jobs in the estate "Kolomenskoye", then you should go to the official website of the company.Here you can pick up the work - a guide, assistant organizer of the event, the security guard, caretaker of the museum.Possible shift method of work.
How to get to the estate
all tourists coming to Moscow, you must visit the museum "Kolomenskoye".How to get there?Nothing could be easier.On the "green" branch of the Moscow Metro station have the same name - "Kolomna".From her to the park you need to go straight for about 200 meters.
For many Muscovites memorial estate "Kolomenskoye" - a favorite vacation spot.Here come the families to take a walk by the old park, cycling (there can be rented).And for children in the complex there is a great playground rides - "amusing settlement."At the dock on the banks of the Moscow River, you can jump on inflatable trampoline.
You can visit the park "Kolomenskoye" every day from 10.00 to 17.00 (except Monday) and in summer the work of the park is extended by two hours.
unique historical monuments famous Moscow.Museum "Kolomenskoye" - one of them.Thousands of tourists from all over the world come here to see the priceless creations of Russian architects, admire the beautiful nature of these places.