Independent parts of speech

on discharges in the Russian language the word share everything.Part of speech is determined by morphological features, functions and syntactic lexical meaning.

Their composition is formed all the time while developing Russian grammar.At the present stage is isolated independent parts of speech (a meaningful) and service.Separately considered interjections, modal words and onomatopoeic.

independent parts of speech (some sources refer to them as momentous) indicate the items, quantity, properties, action, quality, condition.They have lexical and grammatical meaning.In addition, they perform syntactic function, speaking in the proposal mostly a minor member.

independent parts of speech consists of seven bits of words: numeral, adjective and a noun, verb, pronoun, adverb, and condition category.Not all of them can change shape by a variety of means.This ability is characteristic only of adjectives, nouns, numerals and verbs and pronouns.Category condition (too busy, sorry, I'm glad) and adverbs do no

t have the means, forming different shapes.A small exception of qualitative adverbs, which are able to create a degree of comparison.

In the category of state (or predicate) should stay separately as it does not allocate all grammars.For the first time it did Vinogradov and LV Szczerba.And understanding the predicate has narrow and broad.In the first case, the search condition include only those words that are impersonal sentence (also in where the main member expressed infinitive) play a syntactic role of the predicate: sunny, cold, difficult to understand, we can not be silent, no time can be negotiated, damp, heat.In the second case to the category of state are all words that are not verbs, but act as a predicate: you can not, just right, should delighted obliged, can ready.

predicative grammatical features: use together with a bunch of status and importance.In the case of a narrow understanding here is added and the immutability of the word.

There is a lot of literature, which convincingly substantiated reckoning category status to parts of speech.Indeed, because there are in the language of words that are not verbs, and parses the function of the predicate, as verbs.Some linguists concept category status correlated with the function neglagolnyh word forms in a sentence.But, nevertheless, this issue is still problematic and remains open.

distribution accepted by parts of speech can not be considered constant, as often occurs in the language tokens transition from one to the other parts of speech.However, not all words can do it freely.Some independent parts of speech increasingly moving to other independent, at least - in the office.For example, adverbs can go into the category of prepositions: about, around.In nouns there is value pronouns: The Case of (it) was in the fall.Gerund pass into prepositions and adverbs: although, thanks to sitting silently standing.Most nouns are often complex alliances particles excuses: no joke, for, while, and others.

parts of speech in the English language, as well as in Russian, are divided into a meaningful (remarkable, independent) and service.It is also the first to include words that have a full lexical meaning, are members of the proposal and call the action, features and objects.English Grammar treat them adverb, verb, pronoun and adjective, a noun and a numeral.