The fable as a genre of literature.

Meet a man with a fable takes place in school.It was here that we first begin to understand its deeper meaning, to make the first conclusions from reading and trying to do the right thing, but not always it goes.Today we try to understand that it is, and find out what form of speech fable.

What fable

Before you figure out what form of speech fable, see what it is.Fable called the tale of small size, written in moralistic manner.Her protagonists are animals and inanimate objects.Sometimes the protagonists are the fable and the people.It may be poetic form, or be written in prose.

fable - is what form of speech?This is what we learn later, but now let's talk about its structure.Fable consists of two parts - the narrative and output, to whom considered specific advice, rules or guidelines, "attached" to the story.Such a conclusion is usually located at the end of the work, but can be served at the beginning of the works.Some authors present it in the form of the final words of a character in a fairy tale.But the reader may try to see output in a separate written line, he would not be able to do, because it's in a latent form, as a matter of course in connection with the above events and conversations.So the question: "What is a fable?"- You can answer that it is a literary work with sound and instructive conclusion.

form of speech fable

Continuing to explore this genre of literature, discuss the next question.What is the fable form of speech?In most cases the authors refer to the works of allegory and direct speech.But also there are also works in the genre of didactic poetry, the short narrative form.But be sure of this work, a complete plot and allegorical interpretation of the subject.Be sure there is morality which is veiled.

own forms of speech fable.Russian writer, of course, relied on the work of his predecessors - Aesop, Phaedrus, La Fontaine.However, he did not try to imitate their works, translate them and create your own original fable.As a rule, he used allegory and direct speech, dialogues.

Known fabulists

fable come to us even from the times of ancient Greece.Hence, we know the names like Aesop (author of the greatest ancient), the second largest fabulist - Phaedrus.He was the author of not only his own compositions, but also translated the works and alterations Aesopian.In ancient Rome, that is a fable, it was known Evian and Nekkamu.In the Middle Ages, writing stories with instructive conclusion engaged authors like Shteyngevel Nick Parchment, B. Paprocki, Erasmus and many other authors.He was famous works in this genre and the French poet Jean Lafontaine (seventeenth century).

fable in Russian literature

in 15-16 centuries in Russia had the success of the fable, who came from the East through Byzantium.Although up to this time readers already formed a few opinions on the fact that it is.A little later, people have already begun to study the works of Aesop, and in 1731 wrote a six Cantemir fables.However, in this he is much mimicked the ancient Greek works of the author, but it can be considered a work Kantemir Russian.

Chemnitzer, Sumarokov, Trediakovskii Dmitriev worked hard to create their own translations and foreign fables.In Soviet times, especially popular was the work Poor Damian, Mikhalkov Glibov.

But the most famous Russian fabulist was and remains Ivan Krylov.The heyday of his work took place in the line of eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.Heroes of the works were often animals and inanimate objects.They act like people, but their behavior ridiculed the vices of human nature.Many animals represent any character trait.For example, it symbolizes the cunning fox, the lion - the courage, the goose - nonsense, Owl - wisdom, rabbit - cowardly, and so on.Original, ingenious and perfect fable translated into many European and Oriental languages.Fabulist himself made a significant contribution to the development of the genre in general and literature in Russia.Probably because his sculpture, among other prominent personalities took its place on the monument "Millennium of Russia" in the ancient city - Novgorod.


So, we understand that such a fable, as it happened, where they lived and how the creators of the genre called.We found out who were the best in the world fabulists, and studied the characteristics of their products.And we know what the structure of this literary masterpiece, and what it teaches.Now the reader knows what to say, get your task: "Cutting the concept of a fable."Form of speech and language features of these products will not leave anyone indifferent.