Current events in the South East of Ukraine, full of tragedy and threaten to escalate into a full-scale military confrontation, prove that the inhabitants of different regions of the country there is a significant difference in the perception of historical and political events of the past.If you simplify the situation to the limit, it is possible to describe it as a confrontation between pro-Western and pro-Russian ideas.Left-bank and right-bank Ukraine to further the prospects of government look different.Such a simplification of the existing conditional paintings reveals only general trends, in real life is much more complicated.
Supporters of the "European choice" and forced to strengthen the unitary state are not only in Lviv and Lutsk, they are in Nikolaev, Kherson, Odessa, Kharkiv and even Donetsk, the whole question is to quantify the prevalence of carriers of one orother political sympathies.But the world nothing happens simply so.Number hostile to the Russian people in the west of the country is much (or even several times) greater than the percentage of those among the inhabitants of the eastern and southern regions.The Ukrainians look to the past in different ways, based on the tradition of family upbringing and religious beliefs.Objective data of the survey show that the left-bank Ukraine, not to mention the Crimea, not so loyal to the idea of a single state, and the cathedral with one of the state language and the European vector of development, as the inhabitants of the western regions.Why did it happen?
part of Poland
Division of the Russian people to the Russians and the Ukrainians - the cornerstone of Ukrainian independence.The roots of this phenomenon is to be found in ancient events that occurred prior to the occurrence of the left bank of the accession of Ukraine to Russia.
In the XIII century, there was Grand Duchy of Lithuania, entered into an alliance with Poland (Unia).It was in 1385, and after 184 years in Lublin (1569) was signed another historical document, which was created under the terms of a single public education - Rzeczpospolita.It includes and territories, which are a part of the modern Ukraine.The colonization of new lands, accompanied by all the signs of oppression and enslavement of indigenous peoples.Left-bank Ukraine, populated mostly by Orthodox people, were repressed economic and religious.There were also the uprising, but they are ruthlessly suppressed.
of the Cossacks
Oddly enough, the idea of creating a cross-border settlements with a special way of life and economic benefits originally belonged to the Poles.Residents of these areas were exempt from many taxes for the fact that the monitoring was carried out militarized borders assigned to them, and their inhabitants were allocated in a special class.Hence, the historical name "Ukraine", which arose in the years when Poland suffered from the Tatar raids on its southern edge.The founders of the Cossacks were two elders, Predislav Lyanskoronsky (from Khmelnitsky) and Eustace Dashkovich (from Caneva and Cherkassy).Paramilitary forces successfully repelled the attack "infidels", often a counteroffensive and implementing deep raids on the enemy rear.An important stimulus such raids on Ottoman territory served as a production material.Cossacks gained combat experience.
very uncomfortable Zaporizhzhya Sich
existence of Zaporozhye freemen could not disturb the management of Poland.This area was virtually uncontrolled, and Hetman Demetrius Vishnevetskii without explaining their goals, strongly fortified island Khortytsya.Despite the importance of the Cossacks to defend the Commonwealth, the beginning of a new territorial entity represents a certain threat to the very existence of the state.Meanwhile, the preparation of the Cossacks of the liberation war continued until the XVII century, as well as the establishment of military-political relations with Moscow Cossacks, which Ukrainians felt the closeness, as a mental and religious.
beginning of the war for the liberation of Ukraine
anti-Polish uprising began in 1648, at the end of the "golden decade of Polish", which was held after the bloody suppression of popular unrest.In the course of the war under the leadership of Bohdan Khmelnytsky by Rzeczpospolita separated left-bank Ukraine, and a new state, with the most possible at that time democratic laws - Hetmanship.The problem was only one, but very serious.Military and economic resources to fight the Poles Ukrainians in sufficient quantities were not.
war was six years old, she was bloody and exhausting.At the beginning of 1654 in the city of Pereyaslavl was signed certificate, be documented connection of the left-bank Ukraine to Russia.Muscovy acquired new territories, namely, Kiev, Chernigov and Bratslav land, taking its part the obligation to protect the brotherly people of any foe.There was an immediate declaration of war against Poland.
Left-bank Ukraine with Russia (1667)
After 12 years of fighting that took place with varying success, Russian-Ukrainian army still prevailed.Under the terms of the armistice in 1667 Andrusovo Polish side was forced to admit the accession of Ukraine to the left bank of the Moscow kingdom (as well as the current Smolensk and Belarus, then Lithuanian territory).This world is in the treaty called "eternal", and the sovereignty of Russia over Kiev by its terms is not in question.
Left Coast, Right Beach ...
not very applicable To the history of the subjunctive, but remember that the left-bank Ukraine was incorporated into Russia in circumstances that threaten the very existence of the Ukrainian nation, yet it should.In the future, the Government of the Russian Empire as a centralized state was forced to take measures that would today be called unpopular.In particular, the Zaporizhzhya Sich, completing its historic mission, was abolished by Catherine II.The events of the XX century a special subject.More than three and a half centuries, lived in Russia, the historically formed a certain way of thinking that is different from the pro-Western mentality, characteristic of the inhabitants of the areas annexed in 1939.Left Bank Ukraine is different from the right bank.The unwillingness to reckon with this reality results in many human tragedies ...