Mirrors are usually made of glass, which has a reflective coating.They are used not only at home but also at work, and are an important component of many scientific instruments such as telescopes, industrial equipment, video cameras and lasers.People first saw reflected in the puddles of water, streams, surface of the river, which became the first mirror - so began their long history.
Mirror stories of the ancient world
The earliest artificial mirrors were polished glassy black volcanic stone - obsidian - which is treated in the form of a circle.Some examples of such mirrors have been found in Turkey.Their age is attributed to 6000 BC.
Which country invented the mirror?The earliest man-made reflectors in the form of pieces of polished obsidian were found in Anatolia - modern Turkey.The ancient Egyptians used for the production of polished copper mirrors, decorated the back of the ornament.The ancient Mesopotamians also made polished metal mirrors and reflective surfaces of polished stone appeared in Central and South America for nearly two thousand years BC.e.During the appearance of the normal subject today was attended by the whole of civilization.
Where invented the mirror?In which country?It is believed that the metal back made with glass, they first appeared in the Lebanese Sidon in the first century AD.The first glass mirrors were made in the I AD, the Romans - from blown glass substrates with lead.Glass reflectors were first made in the third century AD.
invention is a method of blowing glass in the XIV century, it led to the discovery of convex mirrors, which further increased their popularity.
Stone Mirror Central America
This accessory is regarded as one of the most important religious artifacts in the known culture of Central America.Which country invented the mirror?Over the centuries and millennia of culture in Central America and Mesoamerica acquired specific traditions and religious ceremonies against reflective surfaces.One of the most common beliefs practiced by the Maya, Aztecs and Tarasco - a confidence that mirrors are portals to communicate with the gods and otherworldly forces.
It is an ancient tradition of earlier beliefs still considers any smooth surface of the water a powerful tool for divination.Mirrors created in those times in Mesoamerica, at first made of a single piece of iron ore that has been polished to a high degree of reflectivity.Later, there were other materials and larger and more complex products.One of the most popular classic Mesoamerican culture samples - pyrite mosaic mirrors that were in wide use in the famous city of Teotihuacan.
China bronze mirrors
Where invented the mirror?In which country?To answer this question unambiguously is difficult.History mirror covers the last 8000 years of modern development, but one of the most important representatives of this accessory is so familiar today were Chinese bronze reflectors, the first appearance of which belong to 2900 BC.e.
Which country invented the mirror?In China reflectors made of metallic alloys, mixtures of tin and copper, called metal mirror which perfectly polished and had excellent reflective surface and a polished bronze.Reflectors metal alloys or precious metals were considered very valuable items in ancient times and were only available to the very wealthy.
But Egyptians quickly moved from bronze to other materials - a polished obsidian, used in 4000 BC.e., polished selenium, as well as various copper alloys.China began production of mirrors with mercury amalgams even in 500 AD, but at the same time continued to refine the art of making bronze ware.They remained in use until the XVII-XIX Century, when Western explorers brought modern mirror to the country.
Mirror luxury Venice
in the medieval period glass mirror completely disappeared.In those days, religious faiths declared that the devil looks at the world from the opposite side of the reflecting surface.The poor ladies had to use metal polished surfaces or replace them with special bowls for water.Glass mirrors back only in the XIII century.That's when the Dutch came artisanal manufacturing technology of these products.Then - in Flanders and German Nuremberg, where in 1373 organized the first workshop for the production of such mirrors.
Where invented the mirror?In which country?So right away and not tell.Using available technology master glaziers poured hot tin bath in the glass, and then when the tin to cool, they divided it into separate pieces.John Peckham, a member of the Franciscan Order, described in 1279 this way and here is who invented the mirror - the story is hardly remember.Venetian masters come up with "a flat mirror technique" only after three centuries.They found a way to attach a tin flat glass surface.In 1407 the Venetians, Danzan del Gallo brothers, bought the patent from the Flemish masters, and Venice held monopoly on the production of superb Venetian mirrors and a half centuries.In addition, the wizard already have created a special reflective mixture to which have been added to gold and bronze.Because of it, all the objects reflected in the mirror looked more beautiful than in reality.The cost of a Venetian mirror was then compared with the cost of a large warship.During the Renaissance in Europe, the reflectors were made by coating glass with tin and mercury amalgam.In the sixteenth century, Venice was the center of production for these mirrors.The plant to manufacture them under the name of Saint-Gobain was founded in France.
about mirrors and mysticism in Russia
in Russia mirrors were considered diabolical invention.In 1666, the Orthodox Church has banned their use by priests.From that time there were many superstitions against mirrors.Today, many of them seem to us ridiculous and naive, but people took this very seriously.Broken mirror, for example, was a sign of bad luck for seven years.That is why it is broken or smashed one first apologized for the awkwardness, and then had to bury the pieces according to all the rituals.Mirrors mascots used to reflect the death.It used to be common practice to cover all reflective surfaces when someone in the house had died.It was believed that it will not allow the soul of the deceased being trapped in one of the mirrors, the devil.
first reflecting device in Germany
in Nuremberg (Germany) in 1373 opened the first factory mirror.These accessories have been actively used in all spheres of life.A mirror in the XVI century to become part of the mystical rituals and mysterious magic.
Who invented the mirror?Country Germany?In 1835 Justus von Liebig, a German chemist, developed a silvered glass reflectors, where the thin metal layer is deposited on the glass using a chemical reduction of silver nitrate.This invention allowed to make such products a much larger scale, and for the first time in the history of ordinary people to buy a mirror.Which country invented the mirror?Wikipedia says only about the facts of history.We can only compare.
For two centuries, the property was used reflexively spies from Spain and France to encrypt and decrypt confidential messages.This secret coding system was invented in the 15th century, Leonardo da Vinci.The scriptures have been encoded in the "mirror image", so without such a surface could not read the message.Mirrors have been part of another great invention of that time - the periscope.The ability to inconspicuously keep an eye on the enemy through a system of interacting reflecting lenses to save lives in wartime.In the Thirty Years' War mirrors were used to blind the enemy during the fighting intense reflection of sunlight.It was very difficult to aim when the eyes blinded thousands of tiny reflectors.
Mirrors made a long journey through the story.Today it is impossible to find a house without this simple subject.They have long since become part of everyday routine are often undervalued.We must always respect the historic aspects of the mirrors and appreciate the incredible aesthetic value of their own reflection.