Party, putting the task of freeing the proletariat from the operation of parasitic classes, traditionally the end of the XIX century was called the Social-democratic.Moreover, the ideological basis of Marxism lay organizations of the revolutionary wing.Deciphering "RSDLP" includes sotsdekovskuyu formula, but during its early development platform of the party was much more diverse traditional Marxism.It is allowed to maneuver in a wide range of legal and legitimate forms of struggle to terrorism.This was and disadvantages and advantages of the young Russian Party of Social Democrats.
At the end of 1895 was created "League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class" is an amalgamation of Marxist groups to coordinate their work.Only three years later on the basis of this organization we were able to work out a common program of the party and declare the occurrence of a single party.The founders of the RSDLP started nine delegates' Union of Struggle "from St. Petersburg, Moscow, Kiev and representatives of the Bund (Jewish Labor Union).There was an event in early March 1898 in the city of Minsk.
Then there was a name.Deciphering "RSDLP", five letters, clearly talked about the revolutionary nature of the organization, the Social-Democrats in the slang of the politicians has been synonymous with radical Marxism.
«Iskra" and the first cracks split
It took another two years, and the party moved from declarations to action.At the end of 1900 came the first edition of the newspaper "Iskra", edited by Lenin (Ulyanov VI), assisted by Plekhanov, Martov, Zasulich, Axelrod and Potresov.In the course of this organ revealed serious contradictions in the approach to the methods of the coming class struggle.The essence of the conflict was in relation to the legal struggle and compromise that had to go in its process, as well as discipline.Comrades were arguing, sometimes hoarse, to come to a common denominator could not split was brewing, and the initiator of it was Vladimir Ulyanov, while still quite young (thirty) man with a sparse beard and burning eyes.He insisted on the rapid, revolutionary overthrow the foundations of the "old world", and he objected to intelligently old man Plekhanov, the patriarch of Russian Marxism.
split and the emergence of Bolshevism
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party has existed for seven years, carrying a kind of twofold beginning, Plekhanov, Lenin.But nothing lasts forever.Discussions and debates only deepened the contradictions, making them antagonistic and at the II Congress of the question was put bluntly: who will make a revolution, representatives of the bourgeoisie or the proletariat?Who will be after the class-hegemony?
Lenin and his supporters voted for the dictatorship of the working class, and won with a majority.As a result, the party organization was divided, split, decrypt RSDRP remained the same, but depending on the membership of one of the two factions abbreviation supplemented bukovkoy "b" or "m" in the round brackets.Those who voted in favor of the II Congress of the proletarian hegemony became Bolsheviks and Plekhanov's supporters - on the contrary, the Mensheviks.
program the minimum and maximum program - the two components of Russian Marxism
These arrangements did not stop to take the overall program, consisting of two parts (minimum and maximum).At the very least, to agree that the Russian sotsdeki, is the destruction of the monarchist-landlord order, the bourgeois revolution, the distribution of land to peasants (free of charge) and the provision of a working eight-hour day.And in the future loomed much larger transformation in the course of which the proletarian was to become dictator.This is the maximum, which was calculated by the Bolsheviks.Further progress of public opinion was not in their plans.
Seventh Congress - Rubicon
Completed split between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks, third, fourth and fifth Party Congress.The Bolsheviks completely expelled the Mensheviks from the Party leadership by 1907.At this point, they were disciplined, cohesive and very active squad, having, in particular, and military wing, capable of leading the underground work and owns the means of propaganda.The Mensheviks such assets could not boast, for which he later paid.
Sotsdeki and war
Party RSDLP survived another internal conflict at the beginning of World War II.At this time, the conditional "front line" was difficult, she shared the Bolsheviks into three main groups: the internationalists, pacifists and patriots.To advocate for the defeat of their country, and in fact, become a traitor, you need to have special personal qualities, it is not everyone can.Here Plekhanov cross the line and failed.Lenin got it.
Social-Democratic Labour Party while the Russian could only be called on a territorial basis.Bolshevik agitators have made tremendous efforts to convince the soldiers that fought for their country should not be, and need to fraternize with the enemy, killing their commanders.Surprises only the softness shown by "bloody tsarist regime" towards caught traitors.In fact, the fate of the country of Lenin and his associates were interested enough, they raved about the world revolution, which seemed to be near, but in fact never occurred.
Why RCP (B) was the CPSU (b)
After seizing power in 1917, the Bolsheviks had serious disagreements with the social-democratic movement, whose representatives in many countries held less radical views, showing "shakiness".The positions of German, French and other European Social Democrats have expressed the desire to use legal mechanisms, in extreme cases, combining them with underground work, and achieve victories by promoting their representatives in the bodies of power through elections.This path is not satisfied Leninists, they understood that in the case of people of the possibility of free will they are unlikely to come to power, because and made a coup, overthrowing the Provisional Government (the fact of its acceleration is absurd, because it was created at a time before the election).
Deciphering the RSDLP ceased to express the essence of the party, and that it is not confused with other associations, in 1918 it was renamed into the CPSU (All-Union Communist Party) with the indispensable bukovkoy (b) at the end, no one doubts that tormented.The first letter abbreviations until 1925 means "All-Russian", and after formation of the USSR All-Union party became.Such it remained until 1952, which marked the onset of the mature Stalinist socialism.This year hosted the XIX Congress, on which the CPSU (b) was renamed the Communist Party, already without small letters in brackets.It was the last name of the Leninist party.