State-owned enterprises

click fraud protection

The Civil Code applies several principles, according to which legal entities are classified.For example, article 48 of the criterion relating to the nature of property rights, the purpose of the formation and activity of a legal entity.Thus formed two groups: commercial and non-profit enterprises.In this case, attention is focused on the target formation.Also taken into account and the order in which the application is carried out of revenues.

Commercial organizations - are legal entities whose main purpose is to extract profit and its allocation between the parties.The purpose of institutions included in the second group - social issues and problems.If the purpose of non-profit organization provides a profit, the income is not distributed among the parties, and is used for the execution of public and socially useful tasks.

State and municipal enterprises in their charters, together with the main objective and may provide socially useful tasks.In other words, their work aims to meet civilian needs and requirements, compliance with public and state interests (pursuant to the military, government and other orders).

State enterprises established administrative authorities of the Russian Federation.The property and the contribution of government formed by contributions from other agencies, the budgetary allocations of revenues and other lawful sources.State enterprises are responsible for its obligations by the property.All these institutions are legal persons, have the name, which contains the organizational and legal form.

or State enterprises formed in accordance with the decision of the owner or his authorized body or in accordance with the decision of the labor collective.As an act of constituent documents: regulations, the decision to establish an agreement or founders.In its statutes state enterprises define organizational and legal form, indicate the address, the name of controlling and governing bodies, the procedure for which will be the distribution of income and the formation of funds, and the terms of liquidation and reorganization.Approval of the charter made the founder and the workforce.

State-owned enterprises, regardless of the industry sector and the type, endowed with a number of features.This is mainly manifested in the development of inertia, resistance to environmental conditions, changing quickly enough.In addition, state-owned enterprises is relatively low productivity.On the one hand, these symptoms are due to a sufficiently long period existing system of centralized management.On the other hand the cause is the high degree of production personnel exclusion means that not contributed to the development in the best interest of their application.In this regard, the state enterprises were given greater autonomy in the commercial and industrial sector.

Thus, the priority measures of the transition was the adoption of a law regulating the establishment and business activities.According to him, the company carried out its work independently, manage manufactured products generated income remaining after payment of taxes and other payments.

legal entities are entitled to plan their activities, to determine the prospects for its development in accordance with the demand for manufactured products.