America: the continent's population, its origins and characteristics

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Americas consists of two large continents - North and South America.On the territory of the first 23 is large and the tiny independent state, and in the second part of the 15 countries.The original inhabitants here are Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and some others.After the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus in 1492, it began active colonization.As a consequence, throughout the continent America's population now has European roots.It should be noted that, according to historical records, the Vikings were here the first time about one thousand years ago.However, their expeditions were rare, so a significant impact on the population are not made.

ethnic composition of the inhabitants of the North American

As of today, on the mainland of North America the population is essentially a descendants of the British, the French and the Spaniards, who settled here during the colonization.In this regard, most of the local residents of countries use the languages ​​concerned.An exception can be considered some of the Indian peoples, primarily living in Mexico.They managed to preserve their native language to the present day.About twenty million Americans are Negroes.Their ancestors were brought here from Africa by the colonialists to provide slave labor in the local plantations.Now they are officially part of the American nation and mostly live in the United States, as well as in the Caribbean, where there are also a large number of mestizos and mulattos.

number and density of population

population of North America more than 528 million inhabitants.Most of them are concentrated in the United States, Canada and Mexico.In the first two countries dominated by descendants of immigrants from France and England, and a third - from Spain.The first civilized nations here were created Mayan and Aztec.An interesting feature that characterizes the continent of North America - the population is distributed very unevenly.The highest density of its notes in the Caribbean and the South.Here it is more than two hundred people per square kilometer.Furthermore, this figure is quite high in the eastern part of the continent and in the United States.

ethnic composition of the inhabitants of South America

mainly on the mainland of South America the population is represented by three big races - Caucasoid, Mongoloid and equatorial.Its ethnic composition is largely due to some peculiarities in the historical development of the region.Currently, there live representatives of nearly 250 nations, most of which, in contrast to the North American, formed relatively recently.Participation in their formation took indigenous Indians, European immigrants and African slaves.

Now the population of South America mostly consists of Creoles - descendants of the conquerors of Spain and Portugal, who were born on this continent.Assuming this number as a parameter, followed by mestizos and mulattos.Most of the states located here, has a rather complicated structure of the inhabitants on the basis of ethnic point of view.For example, in Brazil there are about eighty tribes (excluding the smallest), Argentina - about fifty, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Bolivia - more than two in each country.

number of South American population and its density

According to the latest official data, the population of South America exceed the mark 382 million.Its average area density on the mainland is in the range of ten to thirty inhabitants per square kilometer.This rate is lower only in Bolivia, Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana.In South America, many researchers identify two main types of settlement - inside and priokeansky.The first one is characterized mainly by the Andean countries (for example Bolivia, which is the most mountainous country of the world), and the second - the countries whose development is influenced by European colonization (Argentina, Brazil).

languages ​​in South America

population of South America in the most countries speaks Spanish.He is an official in many local states.At the same time it should be noted that it contains a huge amount of borrowing from English, French, Italian and German.Second place belongs to the mainland Portuguese.The biggest country in which it is recognized as an official, is Brazil.Among the English-speaking territories can be noted Guyana, which was once a British colony.In Paraguay, Bolivia and Peru are the second state Indian languages ​​- Aztec, Guarani and Quechua.