What is a "happy sadness"?

Samuil Marshak is widely known as the author of remarkable stories of children's poems and poetic translations.The kids and sometimes adults enjoy laughing at the man in the street scattered pools.Or seeing passers-laden beyond measure, immediately quote: "The lady handed over to the luggage ..." And how excited we read romantic ballad Stevenson mapped Marshak, of heather honey and courageous Scottish people!The feat of the heroes of her haunting for a long time, and the echoes of it are not forgotten with the passage of time.However, there is a poet and original, stunningly beautiful lyrical poems.

Spring mood

One of them is called short - "Lily".It's amazing gentle landscape sketches on the theme of spring awakening of nature.Wrote a poem in 1949, and was first published in the cycle "From the lyrical notebooks," which was a collection of "Poems.1948 - 1951 ".

second title of the work is given by its first line: "I Blacken forest ..." Simple, uncomplicated, it has turned out at Marshak sincere and deeply worried.Particular impression last stanza: "languishing ranneyu forest in spring / And all the happy sadness / And its fragrance / He gave a bitter flower".What is a "happy sadness" why lily "bitter"?Let's try to figure it out.


Among artistic tropes (figurative-expressive means of language), in addition to commonly used metaphors, epithets, like poets oxymoron.This compound works in the figurative space concepts and phenomena, which in real life are far enough from each other.In fact, what is a "happy sadness"?Same as Pushkin's "I am sad and easy / grief washing is light ...»

in dictionaries is defined as a feeling of sadness negatively colored, heavy state of mind, full of sadness, anxiety, depression, general poor health.Happiness - radically opposite emotion.It is bliss, the highest form of life satisfaction.But then, what is a "happy sadness" as decipher the expression?This is a clear example of an oxymoron.Thanks to its use of Marshak particularly impressively manages to show and convey the joyful anticipation of spring awakening the nature, bloom, filling the life-giving sap.The poet paints a picture of a farewell forest cold winter outfit.It was all nude, black, grim, unattractive.But this is only the first, fleeting impression.In fact, every twig, every knot forest full of anticipation affectionate sunny days, warm showers, avian hubbub and he adorned with fresh, sticky, fragrant young leaves.But still to come!Wood looks forward to the moment of his triumph, and - that's what "happy sadness" in our poem.Now he admires blossoming lily of the valley, and is willing to give him the power of life, the awakening of which feels itself, to become a flower more beautiful, more quickly he reaches for the light, yet bloomed magnificently.

From the word to the image

As you can see, the word "sadness" may not always be interpreted in a straight line.Depending on the semantic field of lexical combinability, word form may acquire additional meaning.That is the phenomenon we met in the lyrical sketch Marshak "Lily of the Valley."Forest longs, but his "bright sadness".He knows anticipates that hour of his triumph approaching, that this moment is not far off.In fact, the happy melancholy woods - a reflection of the emotions of the whole of nature in early spring, every living being.And nature in Marshak - lively, endowed with its own form of spirituality and being

theme and idea of ​​the work

«Lily of the Valley" - a philosophical poem.Forest landscape - a sort of excuse for the poet to reflect on the origins of beauty, birthday high art.Creator of it is life, faithful to its own laws, volatility in constant materialize movement delicate time in the beautiful lily of the valley.Flower incorporates the charm and a bouquet of flavors that will soon fill the whole forest will become a part of it.And while he - one for all - loud and solemnly sing the national anthem in the spring and the Life!