Brief history and major attractions of the city of Lübeck (Germany)

Luebeck on the map of Germany can be found in the southeastern part of the federal state of Shlezving-Holstein.In the story, he went as the major center of the Hanseatic League.Many of its attractions are included in the list of objects belonging to the World Heritage Site.In addition, the city is also a port on the Baltic Sea.Its population exceeds 211,000 people.

According to historical records, the city of Lübeck (Germany), was founded in the early twelfth century.Six kilometers from its current location was a small fortress Ljubica, which is at the end of the eleventh century was the seat of the dynasty Nakonidov.In a series of bloody wars it was destroyed, and the surviving townspeople moved upstream herbs, where, together with the German settlers from the Rhine region founded the so-called new Lubeck.Germany while growing rapidly, so a few years later, the city had its walls, and its population is growing rapidly due to the relocation of people.

In 1226 the local Senate from the Roman Emperor was bought by the status of imperial free city.In the mid-fourteenth century, Lübeck, together with another 200 cities became part of the Hanseatic League, which lasted until 1630.He maintained his independence as a part of the German Union and the German Empire, and its free status was revoked only in 1937.

main attraction of the city of Lubeck (Germany), which survives to this day, are Holstentor gate.They are a central part of the complex of the city gates.Through them, the fortress could get from the province of Holstein, as well as from the Danish Kingdom.The building is a small fortress built in the Gothic style, and has become a real symbol of Luebeck.Who indoors Gate organized historical city museum.

At the beginning of the fourteenth century was founded the church of St. Mary.Its structure is characterized by simple interior painting and impresses with its size.The main decoration is two steel spire height of each of which is 125 meters.In one room there is a monument dedicated to the victims of war.It is a bell that fell and crashed during one of the air raids during the Second World War.

Lubeck (Germany) is world famous for its church of St. Jacob.Its wall paintings date back to the fourteenth century.It should also be noted the two incredibly beautiful body, which were established here in the sixteenth century.The largest religious building in the Baltic Sea is considered to Lübeck Cathedral.Customer of its construction in 1173 became Henry the Lion.In the thirteenth century, it started the construction of City Hall, which is now considered the oldest of all existing in Germany.

Another attraction of the city of Lübeck (Germany) is the Hospital of the Holy Spirit.It was built in the thirteenth century to charity the money local merchants and can accommodate about 170 poor and elderly.The structure of the hospital complex includes the church.Of all the medieval buildings on the territory of Central Europe's Hospital of the Holy Spirit preserved to this day the best.