richness of the Russian language is not so much grammar and punctuation, but, above all, in the words and expressions.Their uniqueness lies in the ability to so accurately describe items as it does not make words in any language of the world.
Another feature is the possibility to select huge amount of synonyms - virtually any object can be described in different ways.Words are made in expression.The Russian language is replete with a variety of combinations that can easily make any foreigner to a standstill.Probably everyone knows their name - it's idioms.Such expressions, there are many, there is even a dictionary.Idiom is so firmly in our lives that we do not notice, how we use them in his speech.And yet every day people in communication with the surrounding uses about five similar phrases.
That are similar expressions, are discussed in the article.Also, as the most difficult example, we will examine what it looks like idiom the word "strongly".
So, before you operate with the concept, you know what it means.Idiom - a sustainable combination of words that makes sense only in the case when eating completely.In other words, it is a phrase at break which defeats the purpose of the statements - idiom can not be used in parts.A simple example: "sit in galoshes."Make proposals and experiment a little, "Peter sat in galoshes, without doing your homework."Let's try to fold the second part of the combination, which will result in "Peter sat without doing your homework."And already completely lost the meaning of the utterance.In the first case it denotes "shame", in the second, he simply sat, for example, on a chair.Thus, idioms can be explained only when they are used fully.
Surely all who faced similar phrases, asked: "Where did they all come from?" Let's try to figure out how any idioms.If you look closely at the structure and use words such a thing will be clear: they are all as if spoken by the people.
It is.All idioms were created broad masses of the people, that is in some way they can be attributed to folklore.Initially, they did not have that name, which is assigned to them by linguists - it came with time.People use the simpler expression in his speech, so it was much easier from a few little words to make the phrase spoken, replacing some more difficult words.So if there is a need to learn how idioms any need to address the people - each expression has its etymology, the study of which we can try to answer this question.
use of text and speech
As mentioned above, a person consumes daily about five phraseology.This occurs spontaneously.We can say, even at the subconscious level.Suppose a man tells his comrades interesting story.Certainly it will have a story to the phraseology.As for the writing, the situation is different.Official communication suggests the appropriate language, so here are the expressions are not used.But in journalism, books, and even journalism idioms are not uncommon, and even vice versa.
interpretation of phraseology - is a very important thing.It depends on him, how exactly is understood phrase of the narrator.Immediately it should be said that if we did not know what are the idioms, we would never have guessed what they matter in the text.For example, "hacked to death on your nose" - a fairly well-known phrase that means "remember."
habitual perception says that the nose - a breathing human body, and immediately there is a discrepancy in the brain - really have to cut your nose?No way.In fact, this word has two meanings - the first of which has already been mentioned, and the second - from the Old Slavonic "nose", which meant that wooden plank with notches, which were set in order to have something to remember.Hence the expression of this "hack to death on your nose" or "remember".As can be seen immediately without the knowledge of the value is difficult to determine, so the only possible interpretation of phraseology dictionary.
value in the text
role of phraseology in the text is quite weighty: in addition to "decorate" the speech, they help to more fully reveal the emotional component and brighter describe what is happening.For example, "sleep without hind legs."It is rather difficult to write in simple language that a person is sleeping soundly after a very tired.It turns cumbersome and very inaccurate.And if you use: "He slept without hind legs," once it becomes clear what is at stake.In fact, quite difficult to find the idiom to the word."Blushed" - "blushed to the roots of her hair," for example, does not immediately come to mind.
Complicated can be considered as those expressions, values to which to choose is problematic.Explain idioms is only possible with the help of a dictionary or an informal extraordinary logic.For example, an expression such as "in the legs there is no truth," indicating only an invitation to sit down.Where does it come from?Discussion of any serious issue always requires a lot of time, so it is most convenient to carry out sitting, and only then will be able to reach an agreement.If you stand, the conversation will be short, so do not lead to any results, and according to the ideas of ancient Russia is considered to be "a lie."So there was this expression.Pretty hard to figure in all this, however much easier to understand in the context of these phrases.There is a special task - to work with the phraseology that develops the ability to perceive them more easily.
Yes, there are.For example, the idiom to the word "strongly".They are in the Russian language hardly be typed more than a decade.Among them, such as "eyes on the forehead climbed" (shows remarkably strong), "barely breathing" (pointing to the strong depreciation of thing) and so on.Probably less frequently of all, you can meet an expression such as "blushed to the roots of the hair."This idiom the word "strong", "blush" means an action that has happened to man.
In this situation, the phrase is set to "ashamed".You can also use the word "cold" but the meaning is clear phraseologism."Rare", in addition, it can also be called the form which is found only in an area.
How to use idioms in speech and writing
If you want to decorate his speech different words, the idioms - is the best option.They not only revive it, but also help to make it more interesting and witty.Nevertheless, it is important to note the need to understand the meaning of a particular expression.Inappropriate consumed idiom will look silly, that will certainly affect your reputation.If you are writing an essay with the phraseology, we should pay attention to their frequency in the text.Too large number of them can do the job difficult to understand, forcing the reader to access regularly phrasebook.You should also remember the first principle - it is better to do without expression, if it makes sense for you to fog.Another very important principle that needs to be taken into account in both cases - is relevance.So it is assumed that the turns of phrase are considered more colloquial, so in business communication is not that they are not allowed, but highly undesirable.Working correspondence is also a concern.Few would use when talking to partners "no brainer" instead of "naturally,".
Idiom in other languages
It turns out that not only the Russian language is rich conditional expressions.For example, in English, too often there are such expressions.Quite entertaining process - it is a translation of the Russian language, which can be rather ambiguous.If translated literally from English, you may have quite different.
an expression such as "pull devil's tail" would have to "fight like a fish on the ice."A phraseologism the word "strongly" with the second part in the form of the word "anger" is literally sound like "pushing on someone wall."So different from each other may be within the meaning of the words, idioms.
Conclusion So, in this article we have reviewed the key principles of the use of phraseology.It is necessary to remember a couple of things: you should not use this expression too often, or if you are not clear.However, the possession of such speech can provide increased attention from other people.In Russian, there are so many similar expressions, and an understanding of at least some of them can already be considered a good result, especially if you know at least one idiom to the word "strongly".It should also be said that the composition of the phraseology is regularly updated - there are more and more expressions that are part of speech.This is connected not only with the advent of new words, but with a change in the mentality of today's generations, different values and mores forced to invent new expressions that satisfy the requirements of the language.Particularly active today, this theme is developed on the Internet.
Expressions such as "on the ball", which means free, "throw the soap", meaning "send e-mail to my e-mail", and so on, the list can be almost indefinitely.In any case, the language is always growing, it does so now, and this trend will continue.To keep abreast of the latest developments and to understand the current situation, we must at least keep pace with this development.