Prince Alexander Nevsky, whose biography is quite remarkable, was one of those Russian rulers, who not only is still remembered, and revered.His battles and feats own minds and the representatives of the modern generation, although he lived a long time ago.
Birth and Family
Alexander Nevsky (biography it is known, in principle, quite good) was born on 13 May 1221 at the princely couple Yaroslav Vsevolodich and Theodosia Mstislavovna (daughter of Mstislav removed).Edit in your favorite young prince Novgorod became since 1236, and all the board is filled with spores wayward citizens.Novgorod was a free city, who did not want unquestioningly obey anyone else.Alexander married in 1239, electing his wife princess of Polotsk Alexandra Bryachislavnu.This marriage brought three sons, Daniel went on to become the prince of Moscow, and Dimitri and Andrew - the Vladimir.
Neva battle and the battle on the Lake Peipus
glorious battles, during which the prince got his nickname, was July 15, 1240 on the banks of the Neva.Alexander managed to repulse the attack of Swedish troops under the command of the famous Birger Jarl (later he would become the ruler of Poland), to retain the territory on the coast of the Gulf of Finland and permanently close the issue of Swedes claim to these lands.Alexander Nevsky (his biography describes this fact) shortly after the battle leaves Novgorod, once again did not get along with the residents (and again, as always, was in love of freedom of Novgorod), and moved to Pereslavl.
However, this did not last long opal.Novgorod could not do without the glorious commander, because there were always wishing to encroach on their land.This time it turned out to force the Lithuanian Grand Duke and the Livonian Order.Strictly speaking, the Order is not officially feuded with Russian princes.In its ranks for a long time brewing split.Some knights in favor of continuing campaigns in the Holy Land, the other wanted to crusades transported to the east, to the land of Russia and its neighbors.Actually, the Livonian knights took part in the famous battle a little, most of the troops belonged to the Lithuanian prince.Prince Alexander Nevsky, whose biography is described in the article, responded to the plea of Novgorod and back.Famed for centuries battle took place on the ice-clad Lake Chud (though the exact location is not known until now) in 1242 April 5.The defeat of enemy forces to provide a full, hard Order was given this defeat.Thus, Prince Alexander Nevsky (his biography is filled with such acts) to ensure security and the western borders of Russia.
Rome and the Horde
The two battle - on the Neva River and Lake Peipsi - so glorified in centuries also because they were the only ones for Russia at the time.In the East it fared badly.Russian princes were unable to unite and fight off the attack of a powerful enemy - the Horde, and now they had to obey the khans, to travel to the capital of the receipt of their labels for the right to reign in their native lands.This was after the death of his father went to the Horde and the brothers Alexander and Andrew.Seniors in the reign of the land went to the southern Russia, including Kyiv, and the youngest - north.However, the prince still returns to favorite Novgorod.And here is another event that is the biography of Alexander Nevsky (summary it should also include the fact) emphasizes in particular.Despite the power of the Mongols and their own troubles, the prince does not receive aid from the West in exchange for the adoption of the Catholic faith.This proposal gives him the Pope Innocent IV, but received a categorical refusal.
Following internal turmoil in the most Horde (the overthrow of Hanshi Ogul Hashim Khan Mangu) Alexander gets a shortcut to reign in Novgorod in 1242.But voknyazhilsya in town he could not - his brother Andrew, with the support of the Galician Prince Daniel Romanovich and Prince of Tver, refused to give up power.However, soon, Alexander still was able to get to Novgorod.Alexander Nevsky (his biography is full of glorious victories and a diplomat) during a trip to the Golden Horde was able to beat his men an opportunity not to participate in the conquest of the Mongol campaigns.However, on the way back the prince falls ill and dies in Gorodets, located on the Volga River, 14 November 1263.Version of the poisoning of his Mongols there, but to prove it today, there is no way.
veneration of saints
In Vladimir it began to check back in the 1280's, but the official canonization came later.Alexander Nevsky became the patron of not only Russia, but later Russia and exploits it were reflected not only in folklore and legends, but later in literature and cinema.