In today's development, according to the constitutions of various countries, the executive power is vested in the head of the country and / or the government.In some countries, for example, in the US, it is endowed with only the head of state (President).In other states, the executive power belongs only to the government.It sent it (delegated) officials and organs of lower rank.
In many states actually led (the president or monarch) only formally belongs to the executive branch.In constitutional monarchies and republics (parliamentary) its implementation rests with the Government.In poluprezidenstkih Republic (mixed-type), the Government reports to the head of the country, in whose hands is concentrated the general control over the activities of the executive, and the executive branch itself, according to the constitution can only be the government.
tasks of this branch of management include the implementation of laws.In other words, the executive branch - is the power of enforcement.
bodies included in the management structure of this branch is not limited only to the implementation of laws.They carry and administrative activities.This, in turn, is essential for performing tasks.In addition, the structure of the organs of execution shall issue regulations for the implementation and application of law.
At the same time, endowed with executive powers and independent authority to establish rules that may go beyond the administrative and executive activities in respect of the application of the law.Often these regulations have more than the law, value.Thus, certain types of bodies of executive power (president, ministers, government) have a scheduled power (the power to regulate the internal life of the country) and create a large number of laws and regulations for the control of essential public services.
On the ground, implementation and execution of the law and the right to exercise the head of subjects (governors) in the federation.Formed as local government.
Compared with judicial and representative bodies, the structure of the executive bodies is made in a single vertical.According to the system, subordinate authorities and officials are subject standing above and required to comply with their orders, and not only the norms of the law.This acts adopted by subordinate structures, the structures can be reversed, standing above.
In presidential and semi-presidential republics formed as prime minister.The Prime Minister - a position detached from the president.From the conduct of the head of state are taken legally, many executive functions.However, the president remains a top government leader.
executive branch agencies are ministries and departments.They have a special competence in specific areas of public administration.As a rule, these bodies include the Ministry of Labour, Defence, Education, Foreign Affairs, Agriculture, Health, and others.
structure involves the creation of departments of ministries, directorates, divisions, departments.Ministers are appointed by the heads of their leadership.
in the structure of the state apparatus there is a category of ordinary (teachers, doctors, etc.) and classified employees.Classified category vested ranks, rank, special titles, which to some extent reflect their financial position and powers.
The bureaucracy has the privilege of tenure.When changing ministers or government officials are on duty.They are not allowed to combine the service in the state apparatus with the other paid activities, except for teaching, art or science.They do not participate in political activities and does not consist of political parties, keeping thus loyalty to the state.