word "falsification" comes from the Latin words "facio", which means "do" and "falsus" - "false."The concept is used in various fields of human life.For example, there is the term "tampering of goods."This action is aimed at consumer fraud and forgery is a product for profit.
principle of falsification is a falsity of the theory test using theoretical analysis and experiment.The term in the scientific revolution was introduced by Popper.
falsification principle suggests that research can be considered only those theories which can be refuted in principle.In other words, the scientific speculation is able to prove its falsity.Verification and falsification are formally symmetric procedures.The latter is associated with the rupture of deduction and induction.
falsification principle applies only to isolated empirical assumptions.They can reject the presence of specific experimental results either due to incompatibility with fundamental theory.However, when combining multiple hypotheses in a theory that is quite difficult to find a refutation, as some adjustment may be some of the fragments in the test of the theory, based on the results of the experiment.Along with this comes the need to preserve the rejected ideas to create a more effective assumptions - more alternatives that can provide real advance in knowledge of the world.
principle of falsification has disadvantages with this.One significant find a position that for the ratio of relative and absolute truth.This true knowledge is relative, however, that falsity may acquire an absolute character.
Just as the principle of veracity defies verification or falsification can not be falsified.In other words, these systems can not be proved or disproved by using its own evidence.
Falsifikatsionny principle is a logical conclusion neopositivist installation for carrying out a critical analysis of the whole, including philosophical knowledge.
basic idea is the present philosophy of the principle of verification note of philosophical knowledge to a logical analysis of scientific language, the interpretation of mathematics and logic as a formal scientific changes were made by the participants of the Vienna Circle of mathematics and logic.These ideas have become very popular in the thirties and forties.
principle of verification, in particular, was justified Schlick (the head of the circle) and demanded that every scientific statement, which is meaningful, reduced to a complex protocol proposals that should be tested empirically.Those proposals that do not lend themselves to this procedure, that is not subjected to reduction to empirical facts, theories are considered deprived of any meaning.
replaced methodology logical positivism came postpositivism.This complex methodological concepts is not a particular philosophical system, school or course.Postpositivism a stage of scientific philosophy.Its onset is associated with the release of the methodological work of Popper and Kuhn's book.
distinctive feature of this stage - a significant diversity of methodological concepts and their mutual criticism.Postpositivism admitted that in the scientific history of the revolutionary and significant changes are inevitable.They lead to a revision of previous knowledge of sound and recognized.Popper came to the conclusion that there is no inductive logic.In this connection, an attempt to broadcast the truth to empirical to the theoretical level hopeless.Thus, Popper points to the existence within the framework of deductive logic destructive deduction, which is the principle of falsification.