TNP: deciphering acronyms

Alphabet abbreviation refers to the TNP Disambiguation:

  • «Transnefteprodukt";
  • thermal observation device;
  • consumer goods.

How TNP stands and where is used?

  1. Abbreviation TNP (transcript - "Transnefteprodukt") is used by all employees of huge concern to the speed of transmission is often consumed and they know the name.This is a company engaged in the transport logistics of white oil products such as diesel, gasoline, kerosene, is a union of "Transneft".The main population of the country does not use a phrase made up of experts for short transmission name.
  2. term consumer goods (transcript - "thermal observation device") is used by manufacturers of thermal imagers.Users of these devices are used to monitor temperature changes in the background in the treatment of diseases in the manufacture of complex mechanisms when examining the closed portions of electrical circuits for monitoring short circuit to detect camouflaged military units to estimate the heat loss.
  3. Abbreviation TNP (transcript - "consumer goods") is used to save paper during a huge frequency of use, is familiar not only to those who have studied the basics of economic theory.With consumer goods as the items for personal use, each faces.

Economic theory: framework for understanding

decipher consumer goods (consumer goods) without resorting to the terminology of the economic theory of the Soviet period is difficult.It is a science that studies the problem of choice when there are conditions of limited resources do not allow to meet the needs of the population.

notion of consumer goods (transcript - "consumer goods) characterizes the type of product for personal use, as opposed to production for means of production.

In economic theory, accepted all the goods divided into two groups:

  • Group A - industrial products to further the production of other products.
  • Group B - the goods which are produced for personal needs: food (food), health and non-food.

Trade Classification food (food) products

  • alcoholic beverages.
  • Wines and liquors products.
  • Dairy.
  • Oil.
  • Meat.
  • Sausage.
  • Confectionery.
  • Fish.
  • Fruits, vegetables and fruits.
  • Edible Fats.
  • Tobacco.
  • Bakery.
  • egg products.

classification of food products, commercial enterprises used (traditional retail, retail network)

grocery group:

  • coffee;
  • pasta;
  • flour;
  • cereals;
  • herbs and spices;
  • vegetable oil;
  • sugar;
  • salt.

Deli Group:

  • meat gastronomy;
  • fish gastronomy;
  • dairy gastronomy:
  • canned.

Classification of medical products

  1. materials - products, one-time use in the treatment and diagnosis (dressings, sutures, and so on. D.)
  2. Products:
  • Medical equipment - machines, devices, tools, consumables andEquipment.
  • items used by medical personnel in the care of the sick.

classification of non-food products

  • goods produced light industry: dry goods, products made of fur, footwear, knitwear, garments, textiles.
  • Household: Household items, plastic products, Metallohozyaystvennye, construction, furniture, household chemicals, glassware.
  • Home goods: cars, watches, computers, phones, cameras, musical items, sports, recreational facilities, office equipment, stationery, toys.
  • Cleaning products: perfume, cosmetics.
  • Souvenirs and jewelry.
  • Biotovary: seeds, flowers and supplies.
  • distillation products: fuels and lubricants.

system of transport and warehouse logistics, established in Russia

Providing public goods in the Soviet Union took place in the framework of planning and distribution system.All the products that are produced in the enterprises of the USSR or imported, distributed according to the agreed line ministries request.

Hours today the existing system software occurred during the last twenty five years.Naturally, it served as the prototype of the provision of goods overseas, but with many deviations from the rules.

This interesting shape, distribution centers (markets) selling goods at retail, almost individually, could arise only in a "wild" market relations.

main (common) supply chain looks simple enough.The manufacturer - large wholesale (usually a distributor) - medium and small wholesale - retail.


modern warehouse for non-food products must meet the requirements of the storage industry (if they are taken at the legislative level).Most often, it is as of warehouse equipment hoisting machines, availability of computer accounting systems and arrivals of goods shipped from their binding to a specific cell, you can judge the state of affairs in the company.Investments in storage equipment - a significant part of the cost of wholesale companies.

huge warehouses for food are raised, if the goods can be stored for a long time.Frozen products are stored in cold stores, camera-equipped deep-frozen, the dispatch of cargo is refrigerated.

Warehouses medium and small wholesale often only equipped with racks, ground handling equipment - loaders.The intensity of workers such huge warehouses, and cash reward often scanty.Turnover among the longshoremen one of the highest among the other similar professions.And most of the salary consists of two components: the official and "in an envelope."

Transportation logistics

delivery of consumer goods to large wholesale warehouses usually carried bolshegruzov (wagons), unloading takes very little time.Goods in this scheme must be immersed into the machine on pallets and wrapped with shrink film (zapalletirovan).

in long-distance transport is activated potential of Russian railways.Although it is a long time, but reliable.Cases of loss of goods or arrival was not a destination - more incidents than the norm.

delivery of imported goods produced by seagoing vessels (overloaded to temporary storage, and then transported by trucks across the country), by rail (infrequently) and bolshegruzov.The river fleet involved in these schemes are relatively rare, mostly in remote areas of Siberia and the Far East.

Medium and small wholesale takes cars loaded maximum to fully utilize the allowable load.In these cases, a palletizing is not even mentioned in the bids when hiring a vehicle.Loading and unloading of these machines is very long, even if the warehouse is equipped with conveyors.

Transportation consumer goods to retail carried out most cars carrying up to 1.5 tonnes.Warehouses commercial enterprises usually can not accommodate a large number of goods, and the completeness of the range - an immutable rule of trade.Because product is brought up in small quantities and often.