The territorial organization of the population as a scientific discipline

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territorial organization of the economy and the people is a scientific discipline.Learning the process of placing it, as well as already established geographic structure of people.Territorial organization required to optimize and accelerate the social and economic community development.This discipline is closely linked with other industries.In particular, the territorial organization of the population interacts with the regional demographics and economics, as well as socio-economic geography.

In ascertaining the actual footprint of settlements on the surrounding conditions are detected the system of settlements.Adjacent points thus can be bonded to each other to a lesser extent than with the remote.The geographical organization at the same time may provide for entry of neighboring settlements and in various settlement system with little geographical distance between them.

Application graphs analysis (as opposed to, for example, mapping) can be quite extensive use of mathematical methods.This can be used to build models of optimal interactions of people with each other and the world around them and to develop them on the basis of various programs, which will subsequently be carried out more effectively the territorial organization of the population.

The main factors that have to some degree influence on the distribution of people on the planet are the following:

1. Natural conditions.The territorial organization of the population is more effective in an environment conducive to human life.These areas include, in particular, coastal and lowland areas of the subtropical, temperate and tropical climatic zone.At the same time, the Arctic and Antarctic, inland desert and mountainous areas are considered to be very poor.It should be noted, however, that over time, the territorial organization of the population less dependent on climatic factors.

2. Historical features.According to historical data, the first gathering of people emerged in Western Europe, Africa, Asia.It was gradually declining share of these centers and the redistribution of the people in the less populated areas of the planet.

3. The current stage of demographic transition.In some areas marked acceleration of population growth, while in other areas it is rapidly declining.

population is a collection of people who are constantly updated in the process of reproduction.For many scientific disciplines to study the people is the most important task.This is due mainly to the fact that this population is a major consumer and producer of intangible and material wealth.Everyone is part of the people, which is considered one of the subsystems of society - a larger structure.

to produce benefits for interacting with nature, a variety of important issues solutions the company has an appropriate organization (set of structures).It evolved (organization) in the course of the historical development of mankind.

In modern society allocate social, economic, political and other structures.However, together with industry organizations in almost every system there and geographical.It is associated with a great variety of social, economic and environmental conditions that exist in the world as a whole.

Thus, the system of distribution of the people in the world in a broad sense covers issues that are related to the placement of the productive capacity, human settlement, the division of labor (geographically), the interaction of man and nature, and so on.