term "world picture" was included in the science relatively recently.At the same time the phenomenon of existence and reflection in the iconic forms arose at a time when people began to feel and environment.
Formation of concept occurred in the conditions of the natural sciences, contributing to the objective understanding of natural laws and natural connections between objects.The term "world picture" advanced physics at the border of the 19th and 20th centuries.Subsequently, the definition has been borrowed and the Humanities.For example, the concept of "linguistic map of the world."
study of the phenomenon is carried out from different perspectives.For example, the picture of the world can be seen from the subject that produces it (individual, community, national, scientist, artist, etc.).You can learn the subject from the perspective of the object itself or a fragment thereof, the presentation of it (the object).Consider the phenomenon can be and in the plane of time, given the cultural and historical features.
Before modern lingvoantropologiey is relevant and very controversial question about the place in the hierarchy takes the linguistic picture of the world.All of the above positions, according to the scientific and philosophical literature provisions are conceptual.Language picture of the world (YAKM) does not have this status.
The concept leads to the concept of Humboldt.According to the German philosopher, language is not a designation of thought emerged independently.Humboldt believed that this is the "body established by the idea."These ideas about mirosozidatelnyh language abilities, as well as its meaning in the worldview of the people speaking it, was subsequently supported and developed.For example, Potebnya (Russian linguist) agreed with the views of Humboldt.Here, the first also argued that language is not a reflection of the prevailing worldview and activities of his term.
Humboldt's followers sought to emphasize national identity inherent mirosozidatelnoy abilities.So, Leo Weisgerber argued that the language of a particular society has a spiritual content.This treasure of knowledge, in his opinion, and is a picture of the world for a particular language.
idea that there YAKM was comprehended in the ethno-linguistic framework of Sapir and Whorf.They believed that language and thought are not border points of coincidence in the strict sense.According to them, the cognitive content is not a common cause for all people.This particular language promotes a way of thinking of the people speaking it, and the method of knowing the world.
Sapir and Whorf brought his own statement.According to them, people see the world through the prism of their own language, and each particular language is a reflection of reality.For this purpose, it is only proper method.This hypothesis was subsequently supplemented and developed by such scholars as Alford, Himes, Carroll and others.
no doubt that the language picture of the world is taking place, some scientists have criticized the concept of Sapir-Whorf.Expresses its disagreement with the hypothesis of such figures as Kolshansky, Serebrennikov, Dodd and others.For example, Serebrennikov emphasizes in his writings that the language is the result of reflection of the world, but not self-sufficient force, the creative world.
Thus, holistic YAKM is a collection of human ideas and knowledge about the environment.
language picture of the world has close ties with conceptual.This relationship is interpenetrating, and not the nature of the border.
Many authors do not make language picture of the world on a par with the special, saying that YAKM precedes all others and to some extent shapes them.