Classification of Sciences

Classification sciences requires detailed consideration.This question and dealt with in the article.

science - the study of reality, what is happening on a particular system.Science plays all legitimate and essential aspects in a logical form, making it much easier to understand by introducing concepts, laws, theories and categories.

Classification of Sciences - a way of sharing all the sciences in the search for some principles.It reveals the interconnection of Sciences and the expression of this connection in the form of organization of scientific activity.

Sciences Classification can be made according to criteria such as:

1. Type fields of science.

2. Subject group science.

If we take the classification of which depends on the subject group, you can get two main types of science that distinguishes modern science.

1. Science science directions.

2. Science humanities.

natural sciences focus studying natural properties of natural relations and natural connection of things.

Humanities studying certain phenomena, which are properties and relationships themselves representatives of the human race as a unique creature.This includes the study of the social and spiritual properties and relationships.In this area include such sciences as history, sociology, philosophy, and those areas of life such as religion, law and morality.

object of study in the natural sciences is the nature and its components, and in the humanities the person and society that surrounds it.The main function of the natural sciences focus - the discovery of new evidence of the truth.The humanities, in turn, has set out to explain the facts, bring them to their logical understanding.Science all tend to generalize the impact of values ​​in them unobtrusively, and the human role is denied, praising Mother Nature above all else.Humanities like to consider each question purely individual, values ​​have clearly expressed openly promoted, and the role of man inevitably mentioned throughout.Including the natural sciences have such features as a neutral attitude to the ideology of a very strict separation of the relationship between subject and object, where the object is material and is stable, precise quantitative estimates of superiority and global participation in the construction of the foundation of the methodology.In turn, the social sciences can be different ideological laden coincidence roles of subject and object, where the object is often volatile and perfect, a clear predominance of qualitative assessments and practical rejection of an experimental method.

According to most scientists, precisely because of this global classification of sciences, from the division of the sciences into two groups, there have been smaller and narrowly specific classification.In each of these large groups can be included more than a dozen classifications exciting certain sciences.

Among the classifications of natural sciences should be singled out the classification of biological sciences, and among the humanities - the classification of Law.These two classifications are important in modern science.

Classification of Biological Sciences:

1. Science general orientation (genetics, morphology, systematics, ecology, biogeography, physiology, and the doctrine of evolution).

2. Science of private orientation (botany, anthropology, zoology, microbiology).

3. Science complex directions (soil science, Hydrobiology, Parasitology).

Classification of Laws:

1. Science historical and legal orientation.

2. Science general theoretical legal orientation.

3. Science of legal industries.

4. Science specialized directions (criminology, forensics, forensic statistics).

Classification of Sciences - is one of the most important areas of unification and systematization of scientific activity.