korablestroitelstve In every newly-born ship takes its name.Name of the ship reflects the mores and tastes, history, political and public way of a certain era of humanity.
Even someone who was never interested in the question of occurrence of the names, familiar with the legendary names from fairy tales, myths, ancient legends.The famous ship Sadko "Falcon", the ship of the Pharaohs "phenomenon in Memphis" Viking - "Big Bison" or the mythical ship "Argo".
If the great masters of the past gives his first creation as an animal (for example, painted in the forward part of the eye predator helps to better see the danger in the sea), the great navigator XV-XVII centuries chose the name of the ships in the spirit of the Middle Ages.They bore the names of saints and revered religious holidays."San Gabriel", "San Rafael" (Portugal), "San Cristobal", "Saint Espiritus" (Spain), "Santa Maria de la Victoria", "Saint Espiritus."Or the famous "Victoria" of the flotilla Ferdinand Magellan - the only survivors o
traditions that determine the name of the naval vessels in Russia give their roots in the era of the Board Piotr I. Even then began to form principles of assigning names: they must comply with the class, purpose, process and fighting qualities.Assigning nomination ship was only within the competence of the head of state.On the importance of historical and heroic names.The name of the sea vessel Arrange reflects the political state, its achievements and victories, ideology, customs ruling circles.But beyond that, the name had to reflect the prestige of the state in the eyes of other states, and at its own residents.Every member country should feel pride in his ship, for their country.
But in the beginning, during the formation of the Azov Fleet, when fighting special achievements were not observed, the names were taken from the concepts of the Orthodox Church, "Christmas", "The Transfiguration of the Lord."Subsequent titles sailing ships were fighting spirit: "Color War", "fearlessly", "Lion", "Hercules", "fortress", "flag" and "Scorpion".Bombarding ships Piotr times I wore at least sounding names: "Thunder", "thunderbolt", "lightning", "Bomb".
during the creation of the Baltic Fleet name appears after the royal dynasties: "Princess Anne", "Princess Elizabeth", "Natalia".Especially in this period was the succession of names.Name of the ship, who have served their service, the transition to a new vessel.
With the change in the types and classes of ships began to change names.They began to acquire symbolic names of birds and animals, natural phenomena, fairy tale characters, "Hurricane", "Veshchunov", "Ilya Muromets", "Mermaid," "Twister."
When creating a Black Sea Fleet returned to the tradition of giving the prestigious names: "Catherine II», «Twelve Apostles," "George", "Rostislav".The first destroyer was named quite accurate name of "Bang" (1877).
At the beginning of the XX century, during the Russian-Japanese war, the dedication of the sailors was reflected in the names of warships.They brought back the spirit of patriotism and belief in the historical tradition of fighting: "Sevastopol", "Petropavlovsk", "Empress Catherine II».
Since the beginning of the October Revolution and all subsequent Soviet years in the appropriate order of the vessel and the names of the ships have been significant changes.Gone are all the usual names that are relevant to the Orthodox Church and the royal dynasty.All names were replaced by the word or set of words related to the revolution and the party, "Citizen", "Democracy", "Red October", "Leninist", "Stalinets", "Soviet Ukraine".The main problem of these names have become part of the change of political leaders.Names, trying to capture the spirit of patriotism, have lost their historic mission.
After the war, again began to return to the old traditions.There were names, dedicated to war heroes, famous generals, the great city, "Varyag", "counter", "Alexander Suvorov", "Admiral Makarov", "Moscow".
is very important, considering the name of the ship, guided by common sense and historical sense.This will save us from the faceless, meaningless and coloring Navy names.
Nowadays this issue is given considerable importance.Karonimika - the science that studies the names of ships and boats - special attention to the development stages of the emergence of certain names, structure and traditions.It helps to avoid mistakes when drawing up new names for new ships.