Apparently, there is no need to explain that a large number of so-called winged phrases and expressions of folklore of many nations of the world are borrowed from Latin since ancient times.Many of us today do not even pay attention to such phrases, considering them something familiar and utterly commonplace.But, in essence, they have a very long-standing origin.Consider the most famous expression in Latin, became, so to speak, classic.
Latin origin and language
Latin origin as such belongs to the Indo-European language family and a subgroup of the Italian Latin-Faliscan language.During the birth of the language can be called a period of several centuries before Christ.First, as it is believed it talked nations, often called Latins.But it is, so to speak, the general conventional concept.Among the most famous was the Romans.
Latin reached its peak in the Roman Empire it was somewhere in the I century BC, during the reign of Augustus.Many historians call this period "the golden age" in Latin.
is not surprising that at this time and there were expressions in Latin that are now in use.Beautiful phrases in Latin, then were used very widely, and the language has existed officially adopted at the state level until the fall of the Western Roman Empire and its complete destruction.Although the language is officially considered dead, this can not agree, but more on that later.
aphorisms in Latin in the ancient world
As strange as it sounds, but the Roman Empire gave the world a much larger number of well-known phrases, proverbs and sayings than the same ancient Greece, with its myths and legends.The fact is that virtually any expression in Latin that time is as if a hidden philosophical meaning, compelling talk not only about high, but, so to speak, come down to earth.Greek myths, on the other hand, look very fabulous and virtually nothing to do with the real world do not have.
If you ask a person a question about what he knows best-known expression in Latin, came to us from ancient Rome, is very likely, he replied: "I came, I saw, I conquered» (Veni, vidi, vici) or "Divideor rule »(Divide et impera)».These statements belong to the great Caesar, as well as his death-sentence: "Brutus, you too ...".
Communication with other Latin languages
Now very often found expression in Latin translation.However, the interpretation of the translation of many simply plunges into shock.The fact that many people simply do not assume that familiar phrase is Latin interpretation of concepts.This is due to the fact that not only in Latin attended common catch phrase.Many of them became so after the entry into use it in Latin.
Probably many of you know the phrase "A friend is known in trouble", it usually occurs in any language, in any folklore, any people.But in reality, it can be attributed to the concept of what we today call "expression in Latin translation", because originally such a judgment, perhaps even borrowed from another culture, it was precisely the Roman philosopher.
great philosophers and thinkers
Roman (and indeed, any) philosophers and thinkers - a separate category, gave the world so many phrases that now, just head spin from the deep thoughts embodied in this or that expression in Latin.
But what to say, many thinkers of his time, even as other nationalities expressed their phrase is Latin.At least Descartes with his philosophical dictum, "I think, therefore I exist» (Cogito, ergo sum).
From Rome came to us the phrase "I know that I know nothing» (Scio me nihil scire), which are attributed to Socrates.
very interesting philosophically look and many sayings Roman poet Quintus Horatius Flaccus.He often used the beautiful expression in Latin (more love), which has a delicate and subtle philosophical meaning, well, for example, the phrase "Love is not something that I want to love, but what you can, what possess."He is also credited with the phrase and "Seize the day" or "Seize the moment» (Carpe diem), as well as known today, saying, "The measure should be in everything."
As for writers (writers, poets and playwrights), they are not spared Latin and is often used in their works not only the original phrase, and expression in Latin transcription.
To recall a poem Ukrainian poetess Lesya Ukrainka "Contra spem Spero" ("Without hope, hope").But in reality this is the Latin phrase «Contra spem spero» with the same value.
can recall a poem by Alexander Blok in which he uses the phrase "In vino veritas» («In vino veritas»).But this phrase of Pliny.By the way, her offspring, so to speak, to guess and turned «In vino veritas, ergo bibamus!» («In vino veritas, therefore, have a drink!").And the result of such examples can be quite a lot.
aphorisms in Latin in the modern world
Generally, many will be surprised that well-known phrase we use today, not really thinking about their origin.It's still mostly an expression in Latin translation.
Let's see what is left to us from the Latin heritage.Of course, many beautiful expressions of Latin in the modern world are very popular, but the most widely used is the philosophical phrase.Who does not know such famous expressions as "silence gives consent", "The great thing - love," "Through thorns to the stars", "Tastes differ," "Making mountains out of molehills," "There is no smoke without fire '(original "Where the smoke right there, and the fire"), "If you want peace - prepare for war", "A woman is always changeable and fickle," "Everyone architect of his own fortune (destiny)," "Ignorance of the law is no excuse""Oh, the times!O mores! "," On the dead - or good, or nothing, "" fire and sword (sword) "," Plato is my friend, but truth is more expensive, "" Destiny helps the brave (fortune) "(" Bold accompanied (patron) good luck ")," Vanity of vanities, all - vanity, "" Bread and circuses "," Man to man - wolf "," Language - your enemy "(the original" language - the enemy of the people and one of the devil and women ")"Forewarned is forearmed "and so on. d.?But perhaps the most sacred phrase - is «Memento mori» («Living, Memento Mori").
As seen from the above examples, all well-known expression in Latin, translated into different languages and is sometimes interpreted differently.Yes Yes!This is exactly what we have inherited from our ancestors.
On the other hand (and this is natural), among the winged phrases and expressions can be found, in the come from other Latin cultures.Most often, this Oriental wisdom.In some ways it is even akin to the philosophical arguments that once upon a time were expressed by thinkers of the Roman Empire.And there is nothing surprising in this, because almost all the cultures of the peoples of the Earth to a certain extent interrelated.
sum up some results, we can see that the whole history of the Latin language, culture and society gave the world so many winged phrases and expressions that could not help recall the words of Captain Blood from the novel by Rafael Sabatini: "Honestly, the old Romans were smart people".If someone does not remember or does not know, before he uttered his favorite expression in Latin «Audaces fortuna juvat» («Bold fate helps").
not right all those who say that the Latin - a dead language.Not to mention the fact that it is now used in medicine, it is worth noting that Christianity, too, it does not forget.For example, today, Latin is the official language of the Holy See, the Vatican and Order of Malta.
Apparently there in everyday life it is often possible to hear the catch phrase, so to speak, tailored to the Holy Scriptures, or made by some theologians that in the same Middle Ages were not uncommon.
That is why not only the Latin, but a lot of people had a hand in its development and prosperity, are grateful descendants have great affection and respect.
sometimes even goes so far that some people use Latin winged sayings tattooed!
However, you can find a variety of phrases and expressions that have become winged, but no source, even the World Wide Web will not be able to provide a complete list.At best, you can find the most famous or the most commonly used phrases.And how much is still unknown, and the unknown, hidden behind the veil of history ...