Unfortunately, in recent years has seen a downward trend of literacy among schoolchildren.The reasons for this may be quite different.However, it should be noted that some of this wine and teachers as part of a simple rule explains not available, as they should.
Almost the most common mistake, not only primary, but also secondary school, it is wrong written unstressed vowels in the root word.It causes problems for the most part from the fact that kids can not understand is that we do not always write as well as speak, and older children have mistaken habit.
students Explaining the rules of writing unstressed vowel at the root of a word, you should pay attention to several points.
Firstly, for that children should clearly know the words and be able to allocate them.It's not easy to make the younger student, as it seems to adults.The basic exercise for that - the selection of single-root words.However, it is worth remembering that some similar sounding words, for example, the noun "mushrooms" and the verb "oars", nothing to do with each other do not have.For this it is necessary to remember that words having the same root is also similar in meaning, regardless of what part of speech belong.This skill is needed to check the spelling in the future.
Secondly, it is important to know that unstressed vowels in the root of the word can not always be checked with the help of single-root words.This orthograms called unverifiable transparent and, most of all, her words have to memorize.Thus, verifiable unstressed vowels in the root, in most cases, should not cause difficulties.In most cases, you can simply change the form of the words to a vowel came under stress, and was clearly audible.
For elementary school is enough of this knowledge, however, the high school students have to face a new orthograms that tells that there is alternating unstressed vowels in the root.In these cases, writing depends on several factors.In some cases (eg, log-boxes, stretch-grown) is a consonant or a consonant, going after vowels.In other roots (CAS-CBS) is necessary to look at the suffix if it is represented by the prefix -a written -a- (touch), if any other, is the root bone (touch).Another important point in the study of alternating vowels in the root will emphasize.This applies harmonic roots, proud;zar, zor-;klan-, klon- and others.In the unstressed position they are writing about (for example, to worship) in shock as A (bow), or in some words can be O (bow).
One of the basic rules for the formation of the desired skills: its constant repetition.Therefore, even after the topic was studied (as allocated to it are not too many hours) is as much as possible take a few minutes for the lesson spelling dictation, which included words containing unstressed vowels in the root.
explain the rules, it is important to draw on such a moment as the words-exceptions.They usually learn by heart, because they are not so much.Given the nature of any memory of younger pupils, it is recommended to use "zapominalka" special catchy verses that contain the words.This allows faster and easier to remember the exceptions, which unstressed vowels in the root of the word is written contrary to the general rule.
Thus, unstressed vowels in the root of the word - one of the simplest rules, with the most common practice is explained by the fact that this orthograms can meet any of independent parts of speech.Skill its correct spelling should be formed in a primary school and stay for the rest of his life.Explaining the rules and spelling, do not forget about their age students.