When was the Battle of Kulikovo, and what is its significance?

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There are events, lost and jammed in history, others - on the contrary, bright and meaningful, the memory of which from year to year does not fade, and the importance is not lost, however, and it did not want a lot.The author of "Zadonshchina", a literary work, written shortly after the events in the Kulikovo field, says that the glory of this victory swept the world to Constantinople, and the princes came to praise from all sides for having defeated the Tatar army.How important is it to know every Russian and be sure when was the Battle of Kulikovo, what is its meaning and significance.

feudal disunity weakened the defense of the country, which was the main reason for establishing in Russia the Mongol-Tatar yoke in 1237-1240.When was the Battle of Kulikovo, fragmentation has not yet passed completely, but centripetal tendencies were already evident.Moscow rose more and more, acting as a spiritual and political center of the north-eastern principalities.The Golden Horde, on the contrary, there was a period of struggle for power.However, the planned new temnik Mamai destructive campaign to Russia.Learning of this, Moscow Prince Dmitry Ivanovich hastily organizing the defense, and then plans to meet the Mongolian troops to avoid the defeat of their lands.Sent a letter to Russian princes Dmitry Donskoy (a nickname he will receive after winning) appointed camp in Kolomna.Almost all the princes of Northeast Russia sent its shelves.The combined army, consisting of about 50-60 thousands of warriors, came out to meet the enemy.Mamai, unprepared for this turn of events, was caught off guard.

two armies met on the banks of the Don, where it flows into the inflow Nepryadva on the field Kulikov.Mamayev hordes superior Russian army in numbers, and he was confident of victory.However, September 8, 1380, when it was the battle of Kulikov, Russian weapons to win the first on such a scale and power, victory over the Mongols.Over the centuries has preserved the memory of the image of Russian folk hero, the monk Alexander Peresvet, the battle began that day with a Tartar warrior Chelubey and died on the battlefield.Dmitri Ivanovich not thrown in at once all the army, leaving the ambush regiment near the oaks.Allowance under Dmitry Volyn, in time to join the battle, in fact, decided the outcome of the battle.Tired Tatar soldiers are already feeling the victory, did not survive the onslaught of new Russian forces and fled.On the battlefield, there to lie about half of the army of Dmitry Ivanovich.

Unfortunately, at a time when there was the Battle of Kulikovo, not completed the Mongol-Tatar yoke, the Russian principalities were forced after 1382 to resume payment of tribute to the Horde iz-za crushing campaign Tokhtamysh Khan, but it does not detract from the value of the feat of arms on the fieldKulikov.The joint struggle of the Russian people rallied, helped unite the north-eastern principalities led by Moscow, he gave reliable for an early release.

In recent decades become popular publications on the falsification of history and revision in the direction of "historical truth" of various events, including the Battle of Kulikov.And the battle was so-so, a minor event, and it was not on the Don, and, it appears, in Moscow, and mother - the victim of aggression Moscow prince, and the like clarification.A number of historians have entered the debate with such publicists, refuting their arguments are irrefutable facts.

can agree that the end of the 14th century - it is the case of bygone days, much of the story has become legendary character, and this is natural.But the main event remains the same, facts, time and place of historical significance can not be altered.A pseudo-historians, depriving the state of Russian heroes and the victory in the pursuit of sensation, what goals set for themselves?Whatever it was, it undermines the historical framework required for the construction of a strong state.