What can excommunicate and anathema?

Quite often we hear the expression, which contains the idea that someone must be anathema.The meaning of this phrase, such as, for understandable, but in this article you will learn a few interesting facts!

First, let's look at what this means.So anathema - means to separate some people from a particular community.Yes, despite the fact that the expression is associated with a church, it is often used in other fields.If we talk about what the phrase means "anathema" in the world of religion, it usually refers to a person excommunication from the church.But this is not so simple.The fact that the excommunication - is the removal of a priest (or simply human) the opportunity to participate in the ceremonies, be in the walls of the temple, and so on only some (usually - small) period, after which he can return to his old life.Anathema is called a complete removal from church life without the right to "rehabilitation."

How to distinguish between cases in which you need to be excommunicated, and in which - anathema?This question is very difficult and, in addition, a moot point.However, generally speaking, it is subjected to excommunication those who just stumbled made a small mistake in the eyes of God.Those who have committed a mortal sin or blasphemed the Creator anathema.On the other hand, this situation is of our time concerns.If we talk about the Middle Ages, for example, if the clergy learned that a woman unfaithful to her husband, they could easily betray her anathema.

Who has the right to such action, and what are its implications?Here again, no clear answers.Anathematized ordinary people of ordinary people (except for their proximity to the church, of course).And people who are known to have mainly subjective thinking, the same judgment and as a result, the same conclusions.Therefore, if a certain act is a cause for anathema tradition, the other believes that it is enough just short of excommunication, and the third well, and even said that the act the most ordinary and simple repentance of the sinner will be enough.

It should be noted that the anathema could and those who just showed his dissatisfaction with the church, even in a mild form.In general, any manifestation of anti-clerical sentiment nipped in the bud.

most famous fact anathematization is the case with the Lev Tolstoy.It is believed that the Orthodox Church has decided to anathematize the great Russian writer.However, this fact is disputed.The fact that some claim that the priests were certainly unhappy with anti-Christian speeches Leo Tolstoy and the same motifs in his works, but there was no excommunication.If you believe the other sources, before the death of Tolstoy he repented that openly criticized the church and blasphemed God.However, these facts are also hardly be called facts, because there is no serious evidence of this.

In general, it can be concluded that with excommunication and the anathema of the Church (the Catholic and Orthodox) delivers and gets rid of dissenters, revolutionary-minded people, thus suggesting to the rest of the fear of Providence.