«Russian kingdom" - the official name of the Russian state, which existed for a relatively short - only 174 years old, that have met during the time period between 1547 and 1721.During this period the country was ruled by kings.Not princes are not emperors, namely the Russian tsars.Each reign was a definite stage in the historical development of Russia.List reigns of individual events in their time sequence shown in the table "Russian tsars. Chronology reign (1547 - 1721)".
|name, dynasty||the reign|
|Ivan IV the Terrible (Rurik dynasty)|| |
1533 - 1584
King from 1547
|Fyodor Ivanovich (Rurik dynasty)||1584 - 1598|
|Boris Fedorovich Godunov (nedinastichesky king)||1598 - 1605|
|False Dmitry I (nedinastichesky king)||1605 - 1606|
|Vasily Shumsky (nedinastichesky king)||1606 - 1610|
|Mikhail Fedorovich (the Romanov dynasty)||1613 - 1645|
|Alexei Mikhailovich (the Romanov dynasty)||1645 - 1676|
|Sophia (regent, the Romanov dynasty)||1682 - 1689|
|John V A. (Romanov dynasty)||1682 - 1696|
|Peter I the Great (the Romanov dynasty)|| |
1682 - 1725
Emperor from 1721
adoption of the title of king John IV wascaused by the necessity of weakening autocracy boyars.Coronation, which took place January 16, 1547, included a church blessing and laying on of royal regalia on which receive orders.By regalia, insignia of imperial dignity belonged Life-giving Cross of the Tree, the bartender - a kind of necklace of large plaques, Monomakh.From now on Grand Prince of Moscow in all official documents began to be called the kings and Russian tsars all had to abide by a rite of passage to the throne in Russia, which took place "in the ancient Constantinopolitan position."
Russian tsars for the most part were representatives of the two dynastic lines: Rurik (up to 1598) and Romanov (from 1613).The relatively short period since the end of the XVI century.by 1613 the Russian throne occupied by the so-called kings nedinasticheskie: Boris Godunov False Dmitry, SHUISKI.To convince people of their right to rule, each of them tried to give the coronation rite of special solemnity, complementing the actions of the new rite of wedding.So, Boris Godunov, apart from the usual regalia, was filed by Power - golden ball with a cross, asserting the triumph of Christianity over the world.The history of the new dynasty of the Russian tsars, and later Emperor of Russia, began in 1613 with the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich - Russian representative of the Romanov boyar family.The next king was Alexei Mikhailovich.This was followed by a 6-year period of the reign of his son - Fyodor Alekseyevich, was not very strong.After the death of Theodore Alekseevich in 1862 held a unique joint coronation of John and Peter, are also sons of Alexei Mikhailovich.In 1721 Peter I was destined to take the title of the first Emperor of Russia.After the 1721 Russian tsars were established in the popular mind ("King-Father", "the queen-mother"), but in all the official documents were emperors (empresses).At that moment, when the last Russian tsar - Peter I - took the imperial title was a complete history of the Russian (Russian) kingdom.