Pioneer organization - a children's communist movement, which existed during the Soviet era.It was created in the likeness of the Scout, but there were several significant differences.For example, for boys and girls of the organization was the same, and the summer camp were more like a resort than a sports-tourist complex.
Since 1909 in Tsarist Russia actively developed the Scout Movement, the beginning of the 1917 revolution, it was attended by more than 50 thousand teenagers.But in 1922, it was dissolved in connection with the establishment of the new regime, and in return he received a Pioneer movement ideologically correct.
idea of creation belongs to NKKrupskaya, and the name of the proposed I. Zhukov.Birthday of the Pioneer organization - February 2, 1922.It was then that letters were sent on the establishment of local children's groups.
Pioneer was clearly based on the scouting of which were taken almost all the customs and even slogans.Slightly modified form: instead of green came a red tie.But the motto "Be prepared!" And the answer "Always ready!" Remained unchanged.
Pioneer organization consisted of several structural units, the least of which was the unit, which consists of five to ten pioneers headed by team leader.From units consisted squad, usually it was a school class.His head - chairman of the group.
squad are in the squad - most often in the role of guards performing schools.Squads were part of the district, then regional and national organizations.The whole structure of the Pioneer movement was officially called "All-Union Lenin organization."
Pioneer organization to manage the Komsomol (Young Communist League organization), and that, in turn - the CPSU (Communist Party).Activities regulated by the pioneers of the Komsomol congresses and conferences.
actively developed palaces and houses of Pioneers, who were the bases of instructional, methodological and organizational and mass work.
Since pioneering the movement was initially based on the scout, then the pioneer life was like a scout - campfire songs, games, etc.But as the organization began to merge with the school, pioneer life, acquired more formal meaning.Most of the studies was done "for show".The principal activities of the pioneers were:
- collecting scrap metal and waste paper;
- assistance to pensioners;
- military-sports game "Summer lightning";
- competitions - football ("Leather Ball") and ice hockey ("Golden Puck");
- a type of volleyball - pionerbol;
- protection of water resources ("Blue Patrol") and forests ("Green Patrol");
- part in sporting circles and sections.
Day Pioneer Organization
In the USSR, this holiday marks the twenty-second of April.Hosts various concerts and charges for special services and the pioneers were awarded diplomas and a trip to the All-Union children's camps znacheniya.V some cities were carried out pioneering parades.VERDICT mezhzvenevyh competitions, and evening festivities were organized and bonfires.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union that day ceased to be an official holiday, but it is still remembered.For example, in Ukraine, he is celebrated every year in Sevastopol.There is parking parade and held a variety of themed competitions.
addition USSR pioneer organization existed in all countries of the socialist camp, and still lives in Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, Cuba, Angola.
Now Pioneers back into fashion - after all alternatives to this popular children's organization did not come up.