The ethics of Kant - the top of Moral Philosophy

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Immanuel Kant has carried out a kind of revolution in philosophy, so first became known in the scientific circles of his time, and later among the civilized humanity.He always had his own, very special outlook on life, the scientist never deviated from his principles.His work has been mixed and is still the subject of study.

It was said that he was a vicious man, as Kant in his whole life had never left his native city of Koenigsberg.He was single-minded, hard-working, and carried out all planned in my life, what few people can boast of.Kant's ethics is the pinnacle of his work.Philosopher took it as a special part of the philosophy.

ethical teachings of Kant is a lot of work and research in the field of ethics as required Scientific and Cultural Organization, which regulates relations between people.It morals, according to the philosopher, determine human behavior and dictate how to act in any particular situation.Kant tried to give justification to the rules of social behavior.He believed that you can not rely on the religious beliefs and dogmas.Immanuel Kant was also adamant that can not be considered a moral that is not related to the performance of duty.Scientist distinguish its following types:

  • duty to his personality - it is to live your life with purpose and dignity, protect it with abandon;
  • duty to other people, which is good deeds and actions.

The term debt scientists understand the development of the inner world of the individual and his self-knowledge, and this requires a correct judgment about yourself.Also, Kantian ethics pays much attention to inner moral feelings of the people.He noted that without them people are not much different from animals.Conscience, according to the philosopher, plays the role of the mind, it is with the help of people justify or not justify their own and others' actions.

Kant devoted a large part of his life studying such thing as ethics.The definition of this term, he believes, a priori, and independently, is not aimed at being, but on justice.An important concept in the development of the teachings of Kant is the idea of ​​human dignity.The philosopher was convinced that ethics is an important part of philosophy, in which the main subject of study is the man as a phenomenon.An important dimension of human existence appears morality.

ethical teachings of Kant developed a specificity of morality.This implies that the realm of freedom is different from the kingdom of nature.It was preceded by a philosophy of naturalism, and against which played a philosopher.He was an advocate of Stoicism, who preached a negative attitude to the corporeal world to the power of the spirit, of the will.Philosopher denied the desire to become a man, ignoring the surrounding circumstances and the morals of society.

According to the teachings of Kant, ethics - the definition of moral qualities of the person responsible should be their duty to themselves and society.While maintaining his dignity, individual reward for this will be the realization of personal goodwill.The ethics of Kant included the idea of ​​free will, of an immortal soul, the existence of God.These ideas, according to the theory learned theoretically pure reason could not solve.

basic tenet in the philosophy of Kant was that of free will.It is that free will is a condition for the existence of morality, and it is an indisputable fact.Immanuel Kant's ethical doctrine imply a great discovery.Philosopher proved that if a person has a moral, it is the legislator himself, his actions are moral, and he will have the right to speak on behalf of humanity.What are the ethics of Kant?This benevolent theory about the problems of freedom, where a huge role for the human person.