Development of Siberia

XVII century was marked by a major Russian advance to the Pacific Ocean.This is justified by enhanced promotion of the search for new land, the possibility of obtaining tribute from the local population and mining - gold and silver.

Siberia - the numerous soil-climatic zones with a colorful ethnic composition of the population.Average economic development of Siberia was not possible because of the low population density and harsh living conditions.

development of Siberia was carried out by two routes.First lay along the cold seas and led sailors to the northeastern tip of the continent.In 1648 on this route Dezhnev discovered the strait that separates Asia and North America.

Development of Siberia for another route runs along its southern borders.Russian explorers quickly reached the Pacific Ocean.A well-known pioneer was Vassili Poyarkov, undertook an expedition to the Shilka and Zeya in 1643.

the middle of the XVII century in the Expedition going yerofey khabarov, which owns the gains on the Amur.The development of Siberia was due to the wealth of this region - furs.For the sake of this "soft gold" industrialists and service people suffered deprivation fought against the forces of nature, to overcome obstacles, not made for man, and also broke the resistance of the local.

Siberian peoples reacted differently to the emergence of Russian researchers.Some have tried to banish the invading bows and arrows, but retreated before a firearm, others voluntarily accepted rule of the Russian tsar, as in need of protection.

After pioneering the development of Siberia was transferred into the hands of the governor.They are made out citizenship and appointed tribute.Tsarist authorities in Moscow ordered the magistrates to protect the acquired subjects and paying tribute to seek peaceful means.

most numerous ethnic group in Siberia were Yakuts, who lived on the Lena and the Buryats, located on the Angara and Baikal.They are in their socio-economic development has reached a primitive cattle breeding and agriculture.

At the highest stage of development were Daur and duchers who were sedentary peoples and has long mastered the breeding, farming and even gardening.

development of Siberia and the Far East was followed by construction of the fortress, which served as transit points for individual gains.So there was a jail Krasnoyarsk, Yakutsk jail, jail Yenisei, Irkutsk cabin, Fraternal jail and Selenge jail.

Conquerors of Siberia and the magistrates needed benefits from these campaigns.Therefore, in addition to the local population was levied tribute exaction "in honor".Often this exaction tributaries ravaged people.Sometime between industry and trade the Russian people and the local population exchanged: glass and iron exchanged for valuable furs.The development of Siberia and the Far East led to the fact that the local steel actively bartering furs on vodka.As a result, spread of alcoholism.

By the end of XVII century in Siberia has a population of 150 thousand Russian.The economic development of Siberia called for the supply of grain.Take the bread from European Russia were expensive because began to develop Siberian arable land.

Gradually Siberia was settled and transformed life.There arose a separate class of peasants, served a full-service.Soon the region was able to provide himself with bread.Among the local population, been charged Yasaka ended in discord.The role of the development of Siberia in Russia is obvious: the region is constantly replenished state coffers, while providing the ability to live on their own.This event was a geographical, economic and political victory for Russia.