Many travelers who visited the impenetrable tropical forests, together referred to them as "green hell".Standing dusk crazy humidity impassable trails teeming creeping reptiles and poisonous insects - all of this is a fairly common occurrence for the equator.Without a stick, sharp knife and gun to survive here is problematic, because in this area the traveler at every step of waiting for danger.
equatorial forest live their amazing life, and many living beings got used to it.In this area there is a high temperature constantly, almost every day there is a heavy downpour.Plants and animals are located on different levels, the number of which sometimes reaches five.At the top are located giant trees that reach 40 - 50 m in height.They have a very strong wood powerful and sprawling roots, allowing them to keep their weight.
On the second level there are 20-foot trees, forming a dense crown, and do not let the equatorial forests in the sunlight.Slightly less plants grow in height of 10 m, and then go shrubs and grasses.On the Giants trailing stems, making his way closer to the sunlight, parasitic plants.Many climbers do not even touch the ground, and fed by means of aerial roots.It should include epiphytes beautiful orchid, its fragrant flowers attract birds and insects that help them survive in these difficult conditions.
first place in species composition (about 3 thousand species) takes a jungle in South America, equatorial forests of Africa are lagging behind a little, but not much.This area affects solid green, there are no colorful flowers, falls on every step, only some vines, bushes, tall grass.Even tree trunks are green, they are either acquired this color because of the constant moisture or covered with mosses and creeping plants-parasites.
kingdom of fungi, mosses, algae, huge plants with broad leaves, poisonous insects and not very - that's what the rainforest.Rain here creates a high humidity, but the animals and the local people are accustomed to such a climate.Traveller difficult to survive in such harsh conditions, even one day without specific knowledge, so when you travel to these places, it is important to bring the conductors of the locals, thorough knowledge of the laws gilea.
equatorial forests are home to a large army of monkeys, elephants, wild boar, exotic birds, rhinos, tapirs, tigers, sun bears, leopards, various insects, lizards, snakes and many other creatures.The atmosphere is a special world, whose inhabitants live by their own laws.
equatorial forest is called lungs of our planet.This is true, because the plants emit a huge amount of oxygen.Their destruction leads to significant deterioration in air quality.Many environmentalists are sounding the alarm in connection with the felling of trees and the conversion of forest area in coffee, rubber and olive plantations.People are so busy conquering new lands that have completely forgotten about the consequences that may result from the destruction of the flora and fauna of our planet.