The culture of the 19th century

Everyone knows that in the early 19th century, Russia began to lag behind in economic and political development of Europe.However, these were offset by rapidly rising backlog cultural sphere.Russian culture of the 19th century expressed national identity.It is very strongly influenced by World War with France in 1812.

Russian state is experiencing an acute need for educated, well-rounded people.With the advent of capitalism in Russia, the problem has become more urgent, she served as an impetus to the development of culture.Very often the government is going in spite of growing industry.Innovative ideas of writers, journalists, artists are not taken seriously by the emperors-conservatives.The situation is changing rapidly and very soon became nazovat 19th century "Golden Age."A theater, literature and music of Russia became widely known Western audience.

Art culture of the 19th century under the influence of classicism left a huge number of masterpieces.Pictures of the artist wrote in the majority of cases on biblical themes.Also often be found mythological scenes or portraits.Our culture of the 19th century gave the history of two prominent portraitists - Orest Kiprensky and Vasily Tropinin.They, by the way, left us some amazingly accurate lifetime portraits ASPushkin.Another well-known artist of the 19th century - Karl Bryullov.In 1803 he visited the excavations of the ancient city of Pompeii, which was destroyed by a volcanic eruption.Bryullov painted a picture called "The Last Days of Pompeii," which glorified it all over Europe.Later famous painter and Alexander Ivanov.Nearly 20 years of his life he devoted to work on the painting "The Appearance of Christ to the people."

converts to the early 19th century and the theater.On the stage you can see how the staging of foreign authors such as Shakespeare, or Schiller, and domestic.Especially popular with the public enjoyed NVPuppeteer.He was engaged in a variety of writing historical plays.After them, the audience liked the satirical comedy Krylov and Fonvizin.Toward the middle of the 19th century theater is greatly influenced by literature.After allowing Nicholas I on stage took the big premiere of "The Inspector" (author Nikolai Gogol).The real breakthrough can be called Glinka's opera "Life is king."

Russian culture of the 19th century is remarkable especially literature.Classicism gradually replaced by sentimentality, and then romanticism.Romanticism became divided into progressive and conservative.Key figures of the current literature: Kiichelbecker Rileyev Davydov, Bestuzhev-Marly, Baratynsky Zhukovsky.Also, the great Russian writers Lermontov, Pushkin, Gogol sometimes wrote his works in the tradition of Romanticism.Further, a new stage of literature - realism.The founder is considered to be of Alexander Pushkin.With the release of his "Eugene Onegin", it is considered to be dominant for literature."The Captain's Daughter", "Boris Godunov", "The Bronze Horseman" - the most popular works of Pushkin's realistic.The real treasure of the "Golden Age" can be called "Woe from Wit" Griboyedov, "Dead Souls" by Gogol and "Hero of Our Time" Lermontov.Creation of the great writers and poets, such as NA Nekrasov, Turgenev, Dostoevsky FM, LN Tolstoy is in the second part of the 19th century, since then begins the development of symbolism, one of the most striking trends of literature.

European culture of the 19th century, too, felt at this time of change.The main role is played by the policy.But the culture of the 19th century in Europe is dramatically different from the domestic.Imperialism Europe dictating its demands.At this time, the development of theater and literature has slowed, but the beginning of a new era of European philosophy.