In each state there are different kinds of power, which can be classified on the basis of various criteria.For example, if we put at the center of resources, it is possible to isolate the economic, informative, social, spiritual, and even coercive power, which relies on force.Usually dominated by economic leverage over the other, as they involve the distribution of wealth.On the economic criteria are closely related and social, because those who have the economic levers of management of society, often adjust and social issues.The media is often called the "fourth power", because with the help of its influence, they can manipulate the public consciousness.Structures that are seeking to establish control over the society by means of physical force, use methods of coercion.
Exploring the interaction between subject and object of power, we can distinguish these types of power: the totalitarian, when the ruling elite state fully owns and controls all areas of human life, considering them as a sphere of influence;authoritarian, giving some people, but clearly regulated freedom in such little importance for the ruling elite matters such as family;Liberal, which practically does not intervene in business affairs, and finally democratic.
If we consider the types of government from the perspective of their social base, we can distinguish polyarchy (domination of many people and organizations);oligarchy (rule when society financiers and industrialists);plutocracy (the dominance of the rich tribal tops);theocracy (the clergy has over society is not only a moral, but also secular and legislative control);partocracy (board of any political party), which, in essence, little different from the theocracy, is that secularism set of principles of construction of the "bright future";and mob rule (ie the power of the crowd).As the extent of the power possible to isolate megauroven (international and inter-governmental organizations) such as the European Union, NATO and the UN;macro level, that is, the presence of central state bodies;meso - regional authorities, which are subject to a central, but have wide autonomy in the actions (for example, the subjects of the federation in Russia, the states in the US);micro-level (the impact in parties and other organizations and associations).But
kinds of power can be classified in a different way, based on the determination of its subjects.These may be the state, parties, various organizations, the army, the family and the like.For a long time in science prevailing view that the state and political power - is identical concepts.Now the question of the relationship between these components and further causes much discussion among scientists.After all, the state is not the only or even the main bearer of political domination.The subjects of political pressure can also be political parties, non-governmental organizations, the ruling oligarchy performing lobbying, bureaucracy, charismatic leaders, and even the crowd (in the conditions of political chaos).
Forms of state power can be built on the principle of the vertical (center - regions - cities and regions), and if they are considered "horizontal", then we have the traditional division between the legislative, executive and judicial.Political phenomenon in its significance is much wider public.Many scholars tend to see it as two components: political and social.It turns out that the state is a component of the political.With regard to social influence, it is formed through the activity of political parties, public organizations, NGOs, independent media, and even public opinion.
One of the main functions of management is to preserve social cohesion by building priorities that match the values of a given culture, and adherence to them;and, of course, the realization of the interests and needs of different social groups and strata.Thus, the kinds of political power - state and public - collaborate closely to ensure the stability of the whole social organism.