In ancient times in Russia estate workers were considered poor, poor people.They did not own any land or any other property.They had no actual and freedom.Moreover, for the workers the notion of "freedom" was unclear.So often the patronage of the powerful lord or master and material security are valued more.The home team is actively used the labor of poor people to meet their own needs.And, of course, no worker's rights have not been respected.Poor people also were in constant fear of hunger and death.
factory legislation With the adoption of the employee's rights were not respected better.To the toiling masses were used coercive measures that strengthened the traditions of serfdom in the area of wage labor.The legal status of workers was formed as a branch of the police law.The main condition for the organization of labor recruitment were terror and repressive regime.The host system to provide economic, social and legal support to the absolute royal power.Coercive measures against the working man, the terror and repression were sanctioned by law.
first years of Soviet power strengthens the rights of the employee in his decrees in the form of forced labor (mobilization, labor service, the monopoly of hiring workers, labor armies).As a result, the labor power of the people nationalized, becomes the property of the state.Work is transformed in some way to the soldier, and production - to the barracks.Society as a whole enters a state of "war communism", which comes to replace the administrative-command mode, building socialism.As a result, it introduced a direct form of state coercion, frightening criminal prosecution for parasitism.Thus, the model is the formation of "socialist labor".It is endowed with a function of the employee, "cog".For all the "cogs" must be monitored, and therefore there is a need for a system of control in the state apparatus.
Labor individual rights worker of the socialist system have been fully included in the new Labour Code of the Russian Federation.With minor editorial changes and additions, they formed the basis of Article 21. With the legal form, according to some authors, the labor force has been fixed as a commodity, some economic category in the labor market.However, the worker is not only the economic capital.In the first place, the worker - a person, an individual.Already it is not possible to attribute it to the category of goods.The employee must have the resources that contribute to human capital development.This idea has been used in the theory of the world economy in the sixties of the last century, Schulz, Bowen, Fisher, Becker and others, applied in practice and was recognized in international instruments, expressing ways to protect workers' rights.These acts mainly include the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Social Charter, ILO, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and other documents.
Self-protection of labor rights of workers, according to experts, should be legally strengthened.Working person must be guaranteed an effective conservation of social and economic interests.Special attention, according to some authors, should be given the right to protection against unfair dismissal, as well as to improve the mechanism of protection of self-esteem in the process of working on different types of harassment.