For the past ten years in the political everyday life rooted such a thing as color revolution.What is it?How does this form of protest?What does it manifest itself?Who is funding it, prepares and inspires?Let's take first things first.
Today, under the color revolutions taken to imply serial riots and protests of the population of a country, which are carried out with the support of foreign NGOs.Usually, the result of such actions is to change the political regime, but without military involvement.Simultaneously there is a change, and the ruling elite.
Remotely praobrazom color revolutions can be called the Iranian coup of 1953, when as a result of US-sanctioned action was ousted Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh,.At the same time, absent a consensus, what events can be attributed to the subject in this paper type for Political Technologies.So, the official right to be colored received: "Bulldozer Revolution" (Yugoslavia, 2000), the "Rose Revolution" (Georgia, 2003), "Orange Revolution" (Ukraine, 2004), the "Tulip Revolution" (Kyrgyzstan, 2005).Some researchers are trying to look deeper and attributed to the same category and the "Carnation Revolution" (Lisbon, 1974), as a result of which has been carried out a bloodless coup and the fascist dictatorship was replaced by the liberal-democratic system.But the example is still not to be taken for a color revolution, because the revolution was organized by the Portuguese military.But the main actors other considered protests - civilian persons, and in the first place - the active opposition-minded youth.
Color Revolution: Causes
1. The deepest internal crisis (economic and political) of the new independent state, in which the events took place.
2. unrequited desire superpower and the rest of the forces that are interested in the effect section and in promoting their interests.
3. Problems in the economic field, especially in the social economy, leading to destabilization in the country: poverty large masses of the population, the lack of a middle class.
In addition, as a prerequisite for a color revolution and highlighted a problem such as the government's reluctance to cooperate with the opposition, ignoring her and sometimes suppression.Allegorically can represent a threat to the revolution in the country as a human disease, whose symptoms indicate that something with the body is not in order.Well, if the marks do not pay any attention, and the ruling authority of the "illness" does not cure, but on the contrary, will drive it even deeper, where it will develop and progress.At one point neprekrasny "disease" will break out, but even then it will be much harder to stop.
But color revolutions can be not only a consequence of the fact that not everything is in order within the state.They may be necessary to someone, and not only those who carried them, and those who organized the "disburse."Typically, these stakeholders provide political and financial support for the protest from afar - they are not present in the streets and squares of itself, but carefully monitor the actions of the performers and records the striking masses.
color revolution: the structure
In any revolution, especially the color, there is the structure.Conventionally, it can be represented as a three-tiered pyramid.At the top are located "sponsors" of protest - the mass of high-ranking patrons revolutionaries.It is individuals, and more groups of people who are engaged in learning, focus, funding and the creation of optimal information support of the protest.Directly this stage had no effect, despite its influence, but only through intermediaries, allowing them to "sponsors" to save face in the eyes of decent global society.
Middle tier constitute direct organizers of the coup.Color revolution there is usually a group of young people active pro-Western orientation.In this category fall the one hand, specialists in PR and propaganda (journalists, professional psychologists), that help to create the background, the revolutionary mood of the masses to have had the sharply negative view of the existing government.The second category of the organizers - a "showcase" (young politicians who are distinguished eloquence and charisma).
On the third, and the lower tier of the most numerous - are ordinary people, people who needed to create mass protests in town squares and streets.At the same time some of them are revolutionaries solely for ideological reasons, while others are ready day and night in any weather to go to rallies with slogans and banners for quite a lot of money.