young king set itself the strategic objectives: free access to the sea for the country, the development of trade.Implement them could only be the victory of the war.And the ability of the army to fight successfully even at that time depended on the level of the national economy, and especially on the development of such industries as metallurgy, textile and Cloth business.
why the economic reforms of Peter 1 in the early 18th century were aimed at accelerating the construction of metallurgical plants.Almost all of them specialized in the manufacture of nuclear, guns and other weapons.The old factories adding more and more.And the value of them was not as the metal, and in that they are at a small distance of battles.Of great importance for the Russian economy, for the development of coinage was the construction of factories in the Urals, especially the base of a large plant for the extraction of silver.In parallel, in the big cities of the country were built shipyards, which employ a huge number of workers.Many factories were built and individuals without the involvement of public money.The economic reforms of Peter 1, associated with the creation of metallurgical production, allowed the country to make a significant leap in the development of all twenty-five years.Due to the increasing number of the tsarist army, increased the need for and the development of the textile factory, mainly engaged in manufacturing cloth for sails, cloth for soldiers' clothing.
following economic reform Peter 1 touched the creation of the guild handicraft production.Despite the fact that in Western Europe, this phenomenon had already become archaic, the Russian state is allowed to control the quality of products produced by each craftsman.From now on, the master had to put its stamp on the product.In addition, the creation of workshops facilitated the spread of the practice of discipleship.
economic reforms of Peter 1, of course, could not affect trade within the country.She continued to be composed of several layers.The lowest of them was presented by county and rural trades on the umpteenth time in seven days gathered peasants and small merchants.A higher - Wholesale purchases produced large merchants.Customs continues to operate a network in the country, the size of their entering the annual amounts indicated an active movement of products.By the further development of trade resulting in the construction of canals, waterways which combined several rivers.
Undoubted role in improving the economy of the state reforms of Peter the Great played a relatively foreign trade.In place almost single Arkhangelsk port with high turnover came ports other cities: St. Petersburg, Astrakhan, Riga, Narva, Vyborg, Revel.
economic reforms of Peter 1 is best reflected in the income of the state treasury.Significantly increased name of the goods, which only she had the right to trade.To the fish glue, potash, eggs, rhubarb and smolchugu added hemp, tar, cowhide wool, salt, chalk, Russia leather, tobacco, fish oil and other commodities.The merchants could buy off from the state the right to sell the goods listed, then it becomes a monopolist.Sometimes such a monopoly handed out and the king himself.
1 Peter tried to act in the interests of domestic producers and young entrepreneurs.To this end, he issued orders that prohibited to import any kind of goods.For example, as soon as the needle factory built Ryumin Peter 1 issued a decree banning the import of Russian metal needles.The peak activity of this king was the formation in 1724 of the Customs Tariff which forbade the importation of products of high quality even in the event that the domestic production to meet domestic demand.