Great Migration is considered to be a unique phenomenon in the history of the transition period.This era (not antiquity, but not the Middle Ages) was limited temporal and territorial borders.In the period from 2nd to 7th century in Africa, Asia, Europe made great strides interaction of civilization and barbarism.As a result, I was born a new type of culture.
Great Migration has defined the future direction of Europe, gave a powerful impetus to the formation of new nations, countries and languages.Began to emerge the spiritual and socio-psychological atmosphere, ethics and morality.
Great Migration began in a time when the southern and western part of Europe was occupied by the ancient civilization.There it is in the framework of the Roman state.Central and Eastern European territory was inhabited by tribes of the Balts, Finno-ugortsev, Germans, Slavs and other nationalities who had no state system.
beginning of the Great Migration Germans.Following them to Europe from Asia began to move numerous nomadic tribes and unions.This led to a movement among local people.
Many tribes inhabited the place left and went to the journey.This has resulted in the formation of the peoples of the old and new Europe.Barbaric tribes flocked mainly to the Roman Empire, which at that time were observed internal contradictions.
researchers shared the Great Migration into three stages.
first considered the German period.He went from the 2nd to 4th century.It covers the era from time to Adrianople Markomannskih fighting the battle.
second period, Hun, lasted from the 4th to the 5th century - the time between the battle and the battle of Adrianople on Catalaunian fields.
third stage (from the 6th to the 7th c.) Called Slavonic.This period is associated with the movement in Central, Southeast and Eastern Europe Slavic tribes.
Every period had its peculiarities.Stages of different ethnic structure, the position of the tribes, the direction and the result, which led to the Great Migration.
Slavs is a vast nation.Tribes were not isolated, they are intensively develop, establish interethnic contacts.For the time it was characterized as a peaceful neighborhood, and confrontation.The compositions of the Slavic tribes over time changed, nationalities mixed together, with other nations.Along with the perception of a new culture preserved the old traditions.The Great Migration contributed division tribes.At the same time we formed a new nation with new names.
Slavs started to move south.Complete their migration to the 7th century.Having settled on the Balkan peninsula, they began to associate with the Celts, Illyrians, Thracians.Among them "disappeared" Turkic-speaking Bulgars.The Slavs established contacts with the Greeks, epirotami, thus putting the beginning of the development of South Slavic ethnic groups.
should be noted two related component in the ethnic area of resettlement.The first, of course, are the people and the tribes are real participants of movement.The second component is an overview of these nationalities, embodied in the ancient and early medieval writings, and in the modern national historiography.
Causes of the Great Migration made up of a variety of factors.The main impetus for the beginning of the movement of tribes considered a qualitative shift in the economic life.Inside the Germanic and Slavic tribes celebrated the growth of social welfare and a sufficiently large number of free from productive labor of people.Elite seek wealth.Surfing the Roman Empire became the means of production of wealth.At the same time it is preparing the ground for future relocation.