Bering Sea - the north

most northern Far East Sea, named after the famous discoverer of Bering Island, is located between two large continents.From the Pacific Ocean, it separated Commander and Aleutian island groups.It connects the Bering Strait to the Chukchi Sea, relating to the Arctic Ocean.

northern and eastern part of the shallow, because there is a vast shelf area.The southern and western outskirts of the deeper water, it is here that marked the maximum depth reaches 4151 meters.Bering Sea in size and deep ranks first among wash the shores of Russia.

Since most located in the arctic and subarctic climates, the water surface in it in the summer warms up a little, just to 7-10 degrees.In winter the temperature drops to -1.7 degrees.The salinity of the water is up to 32 ppm.

very indented coastline, there are many coves, bays, peninsulas, the Straits.By the way, the Straits is very deep - up to 2000 meters and more.In the western part of the Bering Sea is often subjected to severe storms, and the southern part of the periodic visits by Pacific typhoons.

bottom relief is not uniform, in the northern and eastern part of the shelf is flat, with depths up to 200 meters.Near the shore of the island and is located in Kamchatka continental shelf.At the bottom of noted many submarine valleys, there are underwater canyons with steep slopes.The central part of the bottom of a deep zone.

Bering Sea is an important transportation areas of the oceans that are subject to significant maritime transport are connected to the North and Far East sea routes.Most of the goods to the Asian part of Russia are transported by sea to these roads.

natural wealth at the bottom and in the water

located between the two continents of the Bering Sea is a real storehouse of natural resources for many countries.On the coast there are numerous bird colonies.In seawater live seals, seals, shrimp, crab, octopus, barnacles, and more than 60 species of fish.There being commercial catch of pollock, cod, chum salmon, flounder, herring, and many others.

At the bottom of the oceans and its parts there are large reserves of mineral resources.But not all water areas can boast, including the Bering Sea, map of mineral resources confirms it.But on its banks already opened significant deposits of gold, tin, and precious stones, which makes it possible to assume the existence of the same minerals and at the bottom, in the shelf zone.

The ongoing geological survey confirmed that the not so poor, and the Bering Sea, gold was discovered in the samples that are raised from the seabed in the northern part.On the west coast of North America in coastal marine sediments as alluvial gold there.Recent research scientists have shown that offshore oil and gas areas there.