Tripoli culture

Tripoli culture is named for the region of discovery - the village of Tripoli, not far from Kiev.Distributed it was during the Chalcolithic period from the Dnieper River to the west of Ukraine, Moldova and the eastern part of Romania, where she received the name of "Cucuteni".Trypillia is the earliest permanent settlements.

Some researchers believe that it originated in the second half of the 6th millennium and existed until the first quarter of the 3rd century BC.

uncertainty remains the question of how there was a culture of Tripoli.Its basis is made neolithic tribes.Among them special importance is attached to the carrier of culture Peresh, Bonn, Bug-Dniester culture and Linear Pottery.

Vikenty Hvoykoy were found in the late 19th century, the first Trypillya settlements thousands of years ago.

main industries were considered to be cattle breeding and agriculture.Tripoli culture differed sufficiently high level of development of public relations.During its existence it differs in a significant increase in population density in the areas of its distribution.

Trypillians Villages located near the water on the gentle slopes, perfect for farming.They consisted of adobe dwellings (several dozen) with internal partitions.Presumably, in such houses we lived consisted of several families of the community.In numerous cities Tripolye supposedly lived about 15-20 thousand people.

Tripoli ceramics at the time occupied a leading position on the excellence of painting, decoration, ornament in Europe.Pottery then reached a very high level.It should be noted that Trypillian symbols were found on the dishes and tribes later Bronze Age cultures.Also, they clearly manifest in the pottery of the Scythian-Greek period.

Some ornaments, tradition, technology, agriculture, and lived up to the Kievan Rus.Today can sometimes be seen in Ukraine Trypillian hut, painted in bright colors.The Ukrainian patterns on shirts and towels to view items Tripolye ceramic murals.

still unclear how and why civilization disappeared Tripoli.Some historians believe that this happened due to the change of climate.Trypillians had to return to their world, learn new in Greece, the Middle East, Italy, Egypt, the British Isles.

There is also a hypothesis that the Tripoli culture ends its existence underground.An extended period, this assumption did not have evidence.However, later it was discovered by archeologists in western Ukraine some underground structures belonging to the Tripoli culture.At the same time people are not simply gone underground, but continued to lead a rather active economic activity.

hereby considered to be a repository of artifacts Verteba.This cave became famous in the 19th century, however, scientific studies have been started there only in the 20th century.During its study, scientists have concluded that the passage through the ancient karstic layers of melt streams and rainwater often flooded halls of the cave.In this regard, the people moved into other places in the cave for a while.The researchers note that Trypillians could put up with such conditions - constant lack of light and moisture - only when absolutely necessary.

language spoken Trypillians advantage contain words with open syllables.Signs of the same language culture have been found in Asia Minor and Crete.This suggests that Trypillian language belongs to the Black Sea and the Mediterranean group.