Arab-Israeli conflict - confrontation between Israel and several Arab states, peoples and organizations that are mainly in the Middle East region.This opposition is religious, polytypic, economic and informational purposes.
Arab-Israeli conflict has the following reasons.First of all, historical and territorial claims of both sides: the history of the Jews and the Palestinian Arabs in many ways are their rights to the same land, on which the main shrine of both peoples.Ideological and political causes of conflict are as weak elaboration Zionism and radical course of Arab leaders.In economic terms, the struggle is for the strategic trade routes.Over time, the original causes of the conflict were added international law (failure to comply with UN resolutions by both parties) and international political (there were centers of world forces interested in the development of the existing conflict).
Arab-Israeli conflict in its history took 4 main stages.
first phase (up to May 1948) were local conflicts.Responsibility for the escalation is divided equally by the parties.At the same time, Jewish leaders was initially more inclined to compromise.
The second stage began with the War of 1948 and lasted until the end of the 1973 war.This period was the most bloody, therefore dubbed the "core conflict".For twenty-five years, there are five open military conflicts, all of which were won by the Israeli side.In almost all cases, the responsibility for the outbreak of hostilities lies on the Arab States.The peaceful diplomatic negotiations at this time has not been conducted.
third phase (1973 - 1993). Was marked by the beginning of the peace process.Passed a series of strategic negotiations, peace agreements have been concluded (Camp David, Oslo).Some Arab states went to the peace talks with Israel, replacing its original position.Peace trends were disrupted by the war in Lebanon in 1982.
modern history of the Arab-Israeli conflict (the fourth stage) begins with 1994.Opposition entered a new phase - terrorism and anti-terrorist operations.Peace talks are held at a constant frequency, but their effectiveness is not so high that the war could be stopped.Conflict resolution has now become an international problem and its solution has involved in many intermediaries.All participants of the opposition (except the most radical terrorist groups) recognized the need for a peaceful settlement of the conflict.
However, it is unlikely that the Arab-Israeli conflict will be resolved in the short term.According to politicians and historians today should be prepared for further aggravation of confrontation.This is facilitated by a number of factors.First of all, talking about the nuclear program of Iran, which occupies in relation to the hostile attitude to Israel.Strengthening its influence will strengthen terrorist groups such as Hamas and Hezbollah.
in Palestine when the internal power problems are no conditions for the granting of its sovereignty.The position of Israel has tightened significantly after the coming to power of right-wing forces.Radical Islamic groups continue to refuse to recognize any right of Israel to its existence, continuing terrorist activities.The refugee problem has become a non-permissive, because there is no solution to the conflict does not suit both sides at once.Also in the region at the limit of not only people, but also the forces of nature: water sources depleted.
Arab-Israeli conflict remains the most acute and intractable of all the conflicts of our time.