After the defeat of Napoleon in the Patriotic War military actions were aimed at the expulsion of the French from the states of Western Europe.Thus began the foreign campaigns of the Russian army.1812 was the beginning of a military movement.Despite the defeat, Napoleon's troops were still strong enough.
foreign campaigns of the Russian army in 1813 allowed to clear from the French territory of Poland and the Vistula.He commanded the Russian forces, Field Marshal Kutuzov.In the overseas campaign of the Russian army Kutuzov Kalisz was signed an agreement on Russian-Prussian alliance against Napoleon.This agreement marked the beginning of the sixth coalition against the French.This alliance is supported by the European nations, acting in the struggle against the yoke of Napoleon.
foreign campaigns of the Russian army together with the Prussian troops began in late March.In Germany, widely unfolded guerrilla movement in the rear of the French.Russian forces local people welcomed as liberators.In mid-April of the same year (1813), Napoleon concentrates about 200 thousand people against Russian-Prussian troops in the amount of about 92 thousand.At the time, Russian troops commanded by Wittgenstein (after the death of Kutuzov), after the army leadership has passed to Barclay de Tolly.
Allies (Russia and Prussia) were defeated at first on April 20 at Lutzen, May 8-9, then at Bautzen.Foreign campaigns of the Russian army ended when the armistice signing (May 23).It continued until July 29.
in negotiations with Napoleon acted as an intermediary Austria.However, they ended in failure.As a result, the Austrian government with France severed all relations.Against Napoleon acted Sweden associated with the Russian state treaty in 1812.With Russia and Prussia signed a convention United Kingdom, to provide them with subsidies.Between the allies and Austria signed contracts Teplice (in 1813, 28 September), soon joined an alliance and the United Kingdom.
Thus, the next overseas campaign of the Russian army of allied troops were about 492 thousand people (173 thousand Russian).They were grouped into three Army.About 237,000 soldiers went into the Bohemian army.She commanded the Austrian Field Marshal Schwarzenberg.About 100 thousand people formed the Silesian Army Blücher (Prussia Field Marshal).Over 150 thousand people came to the Northern army, commanded by Bernadotte (Swedish Crown Prince).To Hamburg was nominated a separate body, consisting of 30 thousand people.
At the same time Napoleon army consisted of 440,000 soldiers.The bulk of its military forces located in Saxony.
August 1813 marked the counter-offensive of allied forces.Bohemian army of 14 and 15 August was defeated in the fighting (battle Dresden) with the main forces of the French.Napoleonic troops tried to pursue the defeated regiments, but the Russian rearguard threw the enemy in the battle of Kulm (August 17-18).French troops under the command of Macdonald defeated in a battle with the Silesian army, and the army defeated the troops of North Udine.
defeat of Napoleon's army took place after the transition to the general Allied offensive.This battle (Leipzig) was fourth on 7 October 1813.
Remains of French troops went across the Rhine.In Hamburg, he was surrounded by Davout.
a result of successful military operations combined armies of the alliance against Napoleon was forced to abandon Denmark and the United Kingdom to sign peace treaties and Sweden in 1814.In addition, Denmark obliged to enter into a battle with the French.
Next Napoleon's army was expelled from the Netherlands.One of the most important results of campaigns in 1813 was the liberation of Germany from the French invaders.