appeared in the 30s of the previous century, the concept of management in the translation from English means management or control.Management involves developing the most effective system of management of the organization (according to GOST R ISO 9000 the term includes companies, firms, corporations, companies, associations, institutions, charitable organizations and other entities, in addition, they may be grouped, and it applies to the structural units) and monitoring its performance.The essence and content management should be attributed to three main areas: government, business and non-profit organizations.
efficiency of modern business management based on the use of specific tools used to achieve results.The concept and essence of management include a category as a three-level system management approach aimed at the realization of the basic functions of management: business management, managers, processes and employees.These functions must be performed at the same time, not only be effective, but primarily to provide efficient and optimal ratio of different needs and business objectives.The terms "performance» («effectiveness») and «efficiency» («efficiency») should be interpreted in accordance with GOST R ISO 9000. Organizational management function is to plan.It is intended for synchronization and combination of human, material and financial resources.All three factors must be involved to get the results that are defined organizational objectives.
Planning is based on three levels of perspectives: mission, objectives and mission.A clear distinction between the two is difficult.When planning tasks the organization expects to get a result in the planned period.Achieving the goals allows for certain improvements beyond the budget period, but far from its timing.The mission covers the unattainable ideals, the approach to which is included in the management plans of the organization.The essence and content management involves the implementation of plans at all levels (by definition measures the relationship between the units, the distribution of powers and responsibilities), as well as coordinating and monitoring the implementation.
ability to reach the goal with minimal cost determines the effectiveness («efficiency») management of the organization as a whole, as well as the basic tools of management and every leader at all levels of the organization.The essence and content management in a market aimed at solving practical problems, which are measured at the stage of planning and evaluation, ensuring cost-effectiveness of the business, as well as helping to consolidate the appropriate segment of the market position of the organization, or a product in its services provided.To do this, you must establish a process of management control, ensuring that actual results correspond to planned.
main organizational methods and management tools are the financial and budgetary control, as well as market mechanisms.That is, finance, budget and marketing are the tools by which the impact on the organization's business processes.The essence of financial management is in control of comparing the cost of production and trading activities aimed at implementing a specific purpose, and its financial results.This is calculated and compared various options for investments that provide a maximum profit with minimal financial expenses and financial losses.Financial leverage is the profit, depreciation, rent, contributions to the charter capital, the discount, dividends, and so on.Thus, we can say that the essence and content management is effective economic leadership of the organization can achieve its goals are not in any way, and with a minimum of cost, and to abandon goals that are not economically justified.