The stories are almost always preceded by a cultural flowering of global changes in either state.It was no exception and our country."Golden Age" of Russian culture and popular unrest ended the Bolsheviks came to power.At that time, I formed the idea of overthrowing the old order.
history of Russian culture in the 19th century is characterized by the rise of national education, the flourishing of different kinds of art, the greatest scientific achievements.
significant impact on the development turns out, according to scientists, the social structure of the country.At the time, Russia was considered state estates.Estates principles were present not only in the state structure, but also in law, the position of each citizen.The nobility, being the first estate, endowed with privileges that were fixed in the "charters.""Golden Age" of Russian culture is unthinkable without the aristocratic intelligentsia.That she picked up enthusiastically proclaimed ideas of the French Revolution of freedom, brotherhood and equality.Great value at the time had a growth industry, the formation of new capitalist enterprises.
should be noted that while there were no formal channels of expression of public officials.It was formed representative bodies, independent judiciary, accountable government.This encouraged people to express themselves through cultural mechanisms.
"Golden Age" of Russian culture - is, above all, the development of literature.This kind of art has become a kind of way of expressing public opinion.The principal figure of the time was Alexander Pushkin.Around him there was a circle of talented poets (Baratynsky, Zhukovsky, sir, Tiutchev).His works they created a bright atmosphere of pure culture.The literature of the time spread of the concept of moral independence, taught to overcome caste and class limitations.
in the increasingly important need for the city to continue the progressive development of the country became education of the people.Educational ideas about education "useful citizens" and "new people" were embodied in the writings of later Bestuzhev and other figures of the time.
"Golden Age" of Russian culture has become an important stage in the development of realism, especially in literature, as well as in other forms of art.All types and directions of Russian art of the time carried a trace deep seriousness, sincerity, the problem of the era.
It should be noted that the high development of the intelligentsia, excellent command of the language, a lot of attention to all the riches of the people's life to oppose each of the "obeskulturennoy" of the country."Golden Age" of Russian culture, in short, was distinguished by a desire to bridge the gap through education.In this era there were literary geniuses (Chekhov, Lermontov, Dostoevsky, etc.).
But, of course, new ideas were embodied not only in literature.Active are Russian realism in art.Russian realist artists sought the most creatively and accurately to express the truth of society.Artists in some ways followed the literary figures, embodying the idea of popular novels of the time in the canvases.Thus was created a kind of encyclopedia of artistic problems of Russian reality.Philosophically, tried to explain his era such artists as Vasnetsov, Ivanov.Nesterov.Their appeal to the subjects of the Bible have become a reflection of the moral and religious quest of the great Russian classics of Tolstoy, Gogol and Dostoevsky.Figures of musical art, the great composers Glinka, Dargomyzhsky, Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, based on folklore, created a magnificent examples of music - symphonies, operas, ballets, which brought worldwide fame Russia.
masterpieces created by geniuses of the 19th century, is rightly made this century the golden age of Russian culture.