XII century was marked by the appearance of the first steam engine.It is an event where industry and technology were mechanical machines, gradually replacing human labor.Development of the industry is not standing still.The whole history of its development is characterized by the search for solutions around the inventors of a problem - the creation of the pore of the turbine.
can be argued that the history of invention turbines originates in the XIX century, when the Swedish scientist Carl Patrick Laval was invented milk separator.In search of solutions on increasing the speed of this unit, Carl invented the steam turbine, which was designed in the late XIX century.Turbine took the form of a wheel with blades, a jet of steam coming out of the tube pressed on the blade and spins the wheel.Tubes for steam scientists picked various sizes and shapes for a long time, and as a result of long experiments concluded that the tube should be cone-shaped.This device is used to this day, and has the name "Laval no
English scientist Charles Parsons also made an enormous contribution to the development of the industry.They were connected to a steam turbine and a power generator, so the turbine could produce electricity.At the end of fifteen years Parsons invented the jet turbine with high efficiency.In a short time more than three hundred jet turbines used to generate electricity, and ten years later was constructed the world's first power plant using the jet of steam turbine.Thus, the improved invention Parsons turbines method Laval.Parsons was also built the ship with a drive from the steam turbine, after which the turbine is installed in many courts.Over time, these turbines are also used in thermal power plants.
Next history of invention turbines moving the beginning of XX century, when a French inventor Auguste Rateau designed multistage steam turbine, in which the figures were calculated optimum pressure drop for each of the stages of the turbine.
After all, the American scientist Glen Curtis, was developed by the turbine, which used the new system made it had a small size and robust design.These turbines were used in the design of propulsion systems of ships, their first set on destroyers, then on military ships and finally, passenger ships.
Thus, the history of invention discloses turbines are several ways to search for a convenient and economical heat engine scholars of XIX century.One inventors developed a heat engine in which fuel is combusted in the cylinder would, therefore such an engine would be well placed in the transport.Other scientists perfected the steam engine to improve its capacity and efficiency.
Today, the story begins with the invention of turbines such great names as Laval, Parsons and Curtis.All these scientists and inventors have made a huge contribution to the development of industry and transport links throughout the world.Their achievements have had great importance for the whole of humanity.But most important was the spread of this form of energy, such as electricity.Currently, the invention of data scientists are widely used worldwide in the construction of ships and power plants.