The engine of life, or the invention of the Chinese

<div> <div id="article_body" itemprop="articleBody"> <p> In today's world people perceive a lot of things for granted, ignoring the fact, when and by whom they were made.XXI century is characterized by the presence of favorable conditions for the development of activities and accommodation, but not everyone knows that it is XX - XXI centuries are rich in the presence of different inventions.Of course, for many centuries, people have been made various discoveries and achievements, which were the engine of life, but no culture is famous for so many inventions, as the culture of China.Many will wonder what was invented in China?Below is a more detailed look at the invention of the Chinese.</p> <p> Joseph Needham, as a researcher of Chinese culture in his writings says such basic inventions of China, such as paper, gunpowder, the compass and printing.</p> <p> very first, and most importantly, the greatest discovery of the whole world was invention of paper in China.Annals of the country indicate that the paper was invented by Cai Moon in the year 105.The technology of production is fairly simple - mulberry tree bark, pieces of hemp cloth and filled with water and heated until the mixture is transformed into pulp.This pulp ostuzhivali triturated and then mixed with water.The resulting mass is laid on a wooden frame covered with bamboo and cloth, and allowed the water to drain.Thus formed thin layers of fibers which are laid in a press and dried.Thus arose a sheet of paper with a lightness and strength, and most importantly, suitable for writing.<div><center> <script async src="//"></script> <!-- tipings --> <ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:336px;height:280px" data-ad-client="ca-pub-4235477045164216" data-ad-slot="4216162687"></ins> <script> (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); </script> </center></div></p> <div class="mid-g-block"> </div> <p> Following this discovery, as the manufacture of paper, the invention of the Chinese move on a faster pace, growing in the development of publishing in the country.For the first time in the 650 was developed first print sample, he represented himself Sutra, printed on paper made from hemp.And the first printed book in China can be regarded as the Diamond Sutra.The discovery belongs to Chinese scientists BBC chenois.Over time, the technology for manufacturing the first book of the scrolls was improved, and now they have been replaced by a stack of sheets.Later, these sheets are bent in the middle and tied, so the book was a modern look.Somewhat later, the spine of the book was invented, and it began to stitch the sheets thread.</p> <div class="mid-g-block"> </div> <p> considering other inventions Chinese <strong>, </strong> necessary to dwell on this discovery, the invention of gunpowder.According to Chinese legend, the powder was discovered in X century, at a time when the alchemists created the mixture to obtain immortality.However, they have invented such a mixture, which was able to take away people's lives.Thus in China there powder made from saltpeter, sulfur and charcoal.Initially, it used in fireworks and flares, a little later - in the military operations in 1132.The battles use a bamboo tube with powder inside that burned and thus maim enemies.One century later, the gun was invented, it represents a bamboo tube with gunpowder and bullets inside.</p> <p> In this invention, the Chinese do not stop.More BC, they used magnetic iron ore for divination, and later - for the recognition of the world.Magnetic iron ore became magnetized when struck lightning in it, so there was a magnetized mineral, indicating the northern and southern side of the world.This discovery can be called random.However, over time the Chinese mold fish steel billet, after which stacked in a vat of water, and thus there is a magnetic force.This device was used for the determination of the south.</p> <p> already in the II century Chinese scientist Shen Co. developed the magnetic compass needle, improved the earlier the Chinese invented the magnetic device.</p> <p> Chinese - wonderful people who gave the world many interesting things.</p> </div> </div>